Snowboarding

By: Nathan Schmitz

The history of snowboarding

Snowboarding is a fairly new sport to the winter world it only started in 1965 with the creation of the snurfer by Sherman Poppen (Bulgariaski). The snurfer was simply two childrens skis screwed together with a rope for balance. The snurfer became a big hit with the neighborhood kids and soon they all wanted one(Bulgariaski). From there on snowboarding has been advancing. Guys like Jake Burton who love snurfing and found ways to improve the snurfer (Bulgaraiski). Dimitrije Milovich also started designing boards after the design of short surf boards (Bulgaraiski) . In the late 1970's the young Jake Burton Carpenter was there improving the snowboard and now has one of the biggest snowboard companies in the world (Bulgaraiski). Burton changed the design of the snurfer and angered people at snurfer competitions people told him he could not participate because of his board.

Snowboarding gear

Snowboarding Boots

Snowboarding boot are one of the main piece of gear for snowboarding. The boots go into the bindings which are mounted to the board. When choosing boots you number one concern should be the comfort. Because you will be wearing the boots for hours at a time.

Snowboard Bindings

Bindings are kind of like the glue of snowboarding the hold it all together. The base of the binding lays on the board and is then fastened to it by screws that screw into holes in the board. You then place you boots in the bindings and strap in thus connecting you to the board.

The Snowboard

The snowboard is the main part of the whole snowboarding set up. A lot of factors go into finding the right snowboard for yourself. The stiffness, camber, style, ride type, height/width, and price.

The big names in the game

The big snowboard brand names

Some of the bigger names in the snowboarding world are; Rome first on the list it was formed in 2001 and started with three boards and gloves, but now has boards, boots, and bindings (The House). DC is widely known for its footwear, and offerings in skateboarding, BMX, motocross, and rally racing (The House). With a large following DC has build quality tested boards at an affordable price (The House). Forum started by Four Star Distribution and pro snowboarder Peter Line(The House). Forum was started in 1996 it started making boards, boots, and bindings (The House). Forum boards are a favorite of freestyle, park, and urban riders (The House). Forum has also made many snowboarding movies(The House). Gnu it was created in the early 80's by Mike Olson known for its deep sidecuts Gnu boards a hand crafted in Washington State by snowboarders with quality in mind and bold graphics(The House). Lib Tech is located in the Pacific Northwest it is most commonly known for its Magna-Traction edge and Banana Rocker(The House). Ride it came out with the vision of a snowboard "for the people" Ride maintains its spot as one of the larger snowboard companies manufacturing boards, binding, and technical wear(The House). K2 was formed of 50 years ago making skis only in 1994 did they begin to make quality affordable boards(The House). Last on the list is Burton probably one of the most recognizable snowboard brands(The House). Burton offers many products from boards, boots, bindings, accessories, and cloths for men, women, and children. Burton often pushes the limits of snowboarding technology looking to further improve it (The House).

the pioneers

Famous Snowboarders

Shaun White: born in San Diego, CA in 1986 he developed an interest in skateboarding, and became very successful (usoutdoor). He later began to snowboard and quickly found he was great at it Shaun has gone on to win two Olympic gold medals, and also in the X-Games along with many records (usoutdoor).

Jeremy Jones: he is accomplished at many things and could have gone further with them then he did (oakley). He could have been a pro skater, guitarist, a photographer or video man, or a motorcycle builder (oakely). He instead chose to take the path as a snowboard and is an icon today (oakley).

Terje Haakenson: Home country Norway, Probably the biggest legend of snowboarding (oakley). In his earlier years Terje pushed the limits of what anyone thought you could do on a snowboard going bigger and faster than anyone before (oakley). Terje is also known for his love of the sport and has often fought for snowboarders right. One way he showed this is by not participating in the 1998 Nagono Olympics (oakley).

The late Craig Kelly: in the 80's and 90's Kelly was on of the top tier snowboards in the world (Litsky). He had won 7 world snowboarding champion titles (Litsky). He also worked on and perfected back country riding. Kelly was killed on Jan. 20 2003 in an avalanche his memory was remember by the snowboarding world (Litsky).

The types of snowboarding

There are three main types of snowboarding. There is freeride which ranges form beginner to expert which is riding down a hill it is the basic style. The next is freestyle for advanced to expert including going down a hill or mountain the rider adds tricks in to make it more exciting. The last is park riding for advanced to expert park riding is the most difficult of the three in a park you will find jumps, gaps, boxes, and rails all use to preform tricks on.

sick tricks

Tricks of the trade

Through out snowboarding there are many different tricks that can be achieved on a snowboard.

There is the simple straight air which is just a jump. From the jump you can do spin tricks which you can do by adding rotations 180, 360, 540 and up you can land a full rotation which would be a 360, or a 720 and up or a half like 180, 540, and up. When doing a spin trick the name is usually shortened to the first number of the trick so a backside 360 would be a backside three.

Grab trick is a trick preformed in the air when you simply grab your board but where you grab it and with which and affects the name of the grab. The indy back hand toe edge between the bindings, mute front hand toe edge between bindings (afterbang). The melon front hand heel edge between the bindings, stalefish back hand heel edge between bindings (afterbang). The nose grab front hand on the nose of the board (afterbang). Tail grab back hand on tail of board (afterbang).

Rail grinds: a 50-50 is when you ride on the rail parallel to the rail with half the board on and half of hence the name 50-50. Board slide is when you ride the rail perpendicular to the rail with minimal board to rail contact. Many variations can be added to rail grinds by grinding on either the nose or the tail and the angle you grind at.

Some few last tricks that are fairly simple the "bonk" is when you ride up to an object and tap it with your board. The other is the butter it is when you tilt back on either the front or the back of the board and ride with a part of the board of the snow. The block when you rock back and forth on your board and then hop up quickly grabbing and holding either the nose or tail end of the board.

Burton

The Legacy

Burton is considered to be on of the best snowboarding companies in the world. The name Burton actually comes from the founders name it is his middle name Jake Burton Carpenter. Burton started his company in 1977 in Stratton, Vermont (notablebiographies). Burton started his company when snowboarding did not exist as a sport (notable biographies). "At first we wern't even a nuisance, just a novelty" Burton told Esquire "then we were a nuisance. Then we were a threat. Then we were the saviors of the ski industry (notable biographies)." The first five years of Burton were rough in the first year Burton sold his snowboards out of the back of his car at New England ski resorts for $88 because most ski shops did not want to carry the boards in there shops (notablebiographies). By 1980 Burton was barely keeping his business afloat and was 100,000 dollars in debt (notablebiographies). In 1984 Burton caught a break when the Stratton resort became the first in the world to allow snowboarders on its slopes expanding the snowboarding followers and as time passed more and more ski resorts opened their doors to snowboarders by 1987 there was an estimated 100,000 snowboarders (notablebiographies). By the 1990 the number of skiers was going down and the age was going up this is when Burton exploded holding about half of the estimated 400 million dollar snowboard market (notablebiographies). Even thought Burton sells boards, boot, bindings, cloths, accessories, goggles, and more Burton says it is only when he focused on the sport, and not his own get rich quick scheme that the company actually took off (notablebiographies).

Work Cited

"World Biography." Jake Burton Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2012. <http://www.notablebiographies.com/newsmakers2/2007-A-Co/Burton-Jake.html>.


Litsky, Frank. "Craig Kelly, 36; Helped Refine Snowboarding as Sport and Art." The New York Times. The New York Times, 25 Jan. 2003. Web. 05 Nov. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/25/sports/craig-kelly-36-helped-refine-snowboarding-as-sport-and-art.html>.


"Snowboarding." Oakley. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2012. <http://www.oakley.com/sports/snowboard/athletes/127>.


"Top 10 Snowboard Brands." - The-House.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2012. <http://www.the-house.com/portal/top-10-snowboard-brands/>.


"Famous Snowboarders & Skiers." Famous Snowboarders & Skiers. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2012. <http://www.usoutdoor.com/famous-snowboarders-skiers-a23.htm>.


"History of Snowboarding / Snowboard." History of Snowboarding / Snowboard. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2012. <http://www.bulgariaski.com/snowboarding.shtml>.


"Afterbang." Snowboard Trick Terminology: Names of Tricks and Grabs. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2012. <http://www.afterbang.co.uk/snowboard-tricks/trick-terminology-name-list-of-tricks-and-grabs/>.