Factors/Theories Influencing Ageing
Old age is defined as anyone over the age of 65.
Infancy- Trust vs. Mistrust
Play Age- Autonomy vs. Shame
School Age- Industry vs. Inferiority
Adolescence- Ego identity vs. Role Confusion
Young Adult- Intimacy vs. Isolation
Adulthood- Generative vs. Stagnation
Old Age- Ego integrity vs. Despair.
The basic virtue's of these are hope (infancy), will (early childhood), purpose (play age), competency (school age), fidelity (adolescence), love (young adult), care (adulthood) and wisdom (old age).
These stages represent the personality and abilities of stages in life. They explain the problems and issue's that individual's go through as they grow up.
Frail Older Age and End of Life Stage
In an individual's end of life stage, their care changes. Rather than focus on improving their health (it may not be possible if they are at this stage) they are more focused on keeping an individual as comfortable as possible. They may have years, months, weeks or even days left and so allowing them to be with their family and making them comfortable is necessary. This could however, be an individual's perspective. They may have different view on how to make them comfortable. For example, whether they should stay at home, at a residential home or at a hospital. It also depends on what someone's attitudes are towards how to treat an individual at this age.
Negative Factors Influencing Health and Wellbeing
Older people often suffer with illness', either mentally or physically. Mental illness' could include dementia, Alzheimer etc. which may not only affect them, but also their friends and family. These people may find it difficult to be around them and so may not visit them as much as they could or should as they are reaching the end-of-life stage. This could also lead them to social isolation, especially if they live on their own rather than a residential home. The individual's may also think of themselves as a burden to their carer's and try to distance themselves from them- in particular if they have a physical disability and need a carer 24/7.
Their living conditions can vary. If they do find themselves living alone and have trouble with looking after themselves, their living conditions may have declined since they were of better health. This may further affect their health as it may cause asthma, make trouble getting around etc.
Positive Factors Affecting Health and Wellbeing
In order to improve the social lives, living in a residential home will allow them to socialize with other people their age and participate in activities with them.