EBOLA A.K.A ZAIRE EBOLAVIRUS
the CRIME of EBOLA
1. As a virus, ebola spreads thought the body damaging the immune system and organs. It causes blood clotting cells to drop,leading to severe uncontrolable bleeding.
HOW EBOLA COMMITS THE CRIME
- Once the virus enters the body it immediately targets several immune system cells that usually defend from foreign materials.
- It infects cells (dendritic cells) that give off signals to activate white blood cells and antibodies that destroy already infected cells.
- With the dendritic cells no longer giving off signals, the white blood cells do not respond to infection, so the virus starts to replicate very quickly!
- Some patients experience external hemorrhaging, which means that they bleed from orifices such as the nose, eyes, and ears.
- ^ That is caused by leaking blood vessels from the clots the virus causes by releasing proteins.
- The most common way an Ebola victim dies is from organ failure and shock from low pressure in blood in damaged blood vessels.
After coming into contact with an effected victim, it could be 2 to 21 days until you start to show signs of having ebola.
Ebola victims can survive this virus but it is very hard. But after the victims get over the virus some symptoms might still linger for over 3 years after they have had the virus.
Ebola spreads by an infected animal that has the virus coming into contact with a person, therefore spreading to them. Then the people that have the virus spread the virus by their body fluids into another person.
what are the shapes of EBOLA
2.Filoviruses belong to a virus family called Filoviridae and can cause severe hemorrhagic fever in humans and nonhuman primates. So far, only two members of this virus family have been identified: Marburgvirus and Ebolavirus. Five species of Ebolavirus have been identified: Taï Forest (formerly Ivory Coast), Sudan, Zaire, Reston and Bundibugyo.
SYMPTOMS OF EBOLA
- 1.) Nausea and vomiting.
- 2.) Diarrhea (may be bloody)
- 3.) Red eyes.
- 4.) Raised rash. (above the skin)
- 5.) Chest pain and cough.
- 6.) Stomach pain.
- 7.) Severe weight loss.
- 8.) Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and bruising (people near death may bleed from other orifices, such as ears, nose and rectum)
HOW EBOLA SPREADS!!!
- can spread through direct contact with the body or any body fluid ( feces, saliva, sweat, urine, vomit, semen, etc. ) of a person infected or dead from Ebola.
- can also spread through needles, syringes, and objects that have come into contact with the virus.
- some countries in Africa have an increased contamination rate because they can contract the virus through wild animal meat and blood, or through bats.
- people with the highest risk of contracting the virus are those who care for sick patients and their family members who've been in close contact with the patient.
WHERE EBOLA HIDES!!!
- the virus hides in its host cell, which is any organism with blood such as a humans and animals
- you can find Ebola commonly in any part of the Western Africa area, such as Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Nigeria.
PREVENTION AND TREATMENT!!!
- reduce the risk of wildlife-to-human transmission: wear gloves, handle the blood and meat of wildlife carefully, thoroughly cook food, stay cautious around bats
- reduce the risk of human-to-human transmission: wear gloves, wear protective clothing, regularly wash hands when near a sick patient
- reduce sexual transmission: male survivors must practice safe sex for 12 months with minor Ebola symptoms or until they test negative for Ebola twice
- reduce contamination transmissions: bury the dead properly, separate healthy from sick as often as possible
- there is no proven treatment available for EVD, but two potential vaccines are in safe testing.
- a range of potential treatments include blood products, immune therapy, or drug therapies.