WANTED

EBOLA A.K.A ZAIRE EBOLAVIRUS

the CRIME of EBOLA

1. As a virus, ebola spreads thought the body damaging the immune system and organs. It causes blood clotting cells to drop,leading to severe uncontrolable bleeding.



http://www.cdc.gov/media/dpk/2014/dpk-ebola-outbreak.html

HOW EBOLA COMMITS THE CRIME

  • Once the virus enters the body it immediately targets several immune system cells that usually defend from foreign materials.
  • It infects cells (dendritic cells) that give off signals to activate white blood cells and antibodies that destroy already infected cells.
  • With the dendritic cells no longer giving off signals, the white blood cells do not respond to infection, so the virus starts to replicate very quickly!
  • Some patients experience external hemorrhaging, which means that they bleed from orifices such as the nose, eyes, and ears.
  • ^ That is caused by leaking blood vessels from the clots the virus causes by releasing proteins.
  • The most common way an Ebola victim dies is from organ failure and shock from low pressure in blood in damaged blood vessels.
  • www.sciencemag.org

what are the shapes of EBOLA

1. EBOLA is a helical shaped virus.




2.Filoviruses belong to a virus family called Filoviridae and can cause severe hemorrhagic fever in humans and nonhuman primates. So far, only two members of this virus family have been identified: Marburgvirus and Ebolavirus. Five species of Ebolavirus have been identified: Taï Forest (formerly Ivory Coast), Sudan, Zaire, Reston and Bundibugyo.

http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/virus-families/filoviridae.html

SYMPTOMS OF EBOLA

  • 1.) Nausea and vomiting.
  • 2.) Diarrhea (may be bloody)
  • 3.) Red eyes.
  • 4.) Raised rash. (above the skin)
  • 5.) Chest pain and cough.
  • 6.) Stomach pain.
  • 7.) Severe weight loss.
  • 8.) Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and bruising (people near death may bleed from other orifices, such as ears, nose and rectum)

http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/symptoms/index.html

HOW EBOLA SPREADS!!!

  • can spread through direct contact with the body or any body fluid ( feces, saliva, sweat, urine, vomit, semen, etc. ) of a person infected or dead from Ebola.
  • can also spread through needles, syringes, and objects that have come into contact with the virus.
  • some countries in Africa have an increased contamination rate because they can contract the virus through wild animal meat and blood, or through bats.
  • people with the highest risk of contracting the virus are those who care for sick patients and their family members who've been in close contact with the patient.


http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/exposure/index.html

WHERE EBOLA HIDES!!!

  • the virus hides in its host cell, which is any organism with blood such as a humans and animals
  • you can find Ebola commonly in any part of the Western Africa area, such as Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Nigeria.
  • www.cdc.gov

PREVENTION AND TREATMENT!!!

PREVENTION:


  • reduce the risk of wildlife-to-human transmission: wear gloves, handle the blood and meat of wildlife carefully, thoroughly cook food, stay cautious around bats
  • reduce the risk of human-to-human transmission: wear gloves, wear protective clothing, regularly wash hands when near a sick patient
  • reduce sexual transmission: male survivors must practice safe sex for 12 months with minor Ebola symptoms or until they test negative for Ebola twice
  • reduce contamination transmissions: bury the dead properly, separate healthy from sick as often as possible
  • www.who.int

TREATMENT: