The Home Fronts during WW1
By: Paola Garcia
A little about this website:
The following primary source that backs up my claim, that the citizens of Germany were not getting enough food, during WW1 is the political cartoon entitled, "Germany's Children Are Starving, 1919". In the picture it shows how the little German children are literally begging for food. The artist then even takes it a step further, and uses ethos to connect with the readers emotions. He does this by using innocent children, and making sure that the reader realizes that times were so bad in Germany during WW1 that even adults could not provide the basic necessities for life, for their children. http://www.wintersonnenwende.com/scriptorium/english/archives/articles/starvation1919.html
Women and the Workforce
As the war continued on, more and more men left to go fight, this then left more and more women back home in Germany to take care of things. With all the men gone, employers were faced with the problem of now having to fill the empty positions, that the men away at war had left. After being cornered with no other choice, the employers then decided to open up its job to the remaining two populations left in the German home fronts; women and youths.
With the lost of a husband, brother, or father, that also meant that, that then became a loss of income. This then forced families to have to struggle to survive on mere government hand-outs. Since, women were left to take care of things at home, that meant that they had to also take care of paying the bills. Since the women were left with this struggle they then decided to take the initiative and get a job. The primary source that supports my claim that because Women, who lived in the German home front during WW1, needed the money, they decided to get a job is a quote from a women living in German during that time period. "over 2 million women, including myself, mainly widows, who are trying to get off of living on the government, and are trying to get a job". The way that this quote supports my claim, is because in the quote itself states, "2 million women... who are trying... to get a job."
Quality of life
In August of 1914, was when Germany declared war on Russia, and Russia declared war on Germany. Unlike many other countries, who were even sicken by the idea of war, Great Britain actually welcomed it with celebrations. These "welcome war" celebrations were seen all throughout Europe. One of the reasons why so many people were happy that war was coming, was because they did not believe it would last too long. A lot of people thought that come Christmas of the same year, the war would be over.
Because of the outbreak of war, this was the first time that Great Britain had any experience with being attacked on. These attacks usually came in the form of raids by Zeppelins and coastal raids by the German Navy. On May 31st 1915, marked the first Zeppelin attack on London soil. This one attack killed seven people and racked up at least £18,000 worth of damage. Sadly, that attack was not the last one. More than 50 Zeppelin attacks happened before pilots, who were flying for the Royal Naval Air Service stopped them. My primary source that backs up my claim that Great Britain was indeed going through a hard time because of the war is this quote: "The whole street seemed to explode. There was smoke and flames all over, but the worst of it was the screams of the dying and the wounded and mothers looking frantically for their kids." Eye-witness to a Zeppelin attack. The reason why this quote substantiates my claim is because it talks about how horrific the specific attack was. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/home_front_1914_to_1918.htm
Even though, Great Britain really did appriciate what the Lady Work force was doing for them, they still felt that it was nessiscary that they know what standard were expected from them. So they released this statement, "You are doing a man's work and so you are dressed rather like a man; but remember that because you wear a smock and trousers you should take care to behave like an English girl who expects chivalry and respect from everyone she meets..." The way that this statement proves that that the women in Great Britain were working is because for the Government to first release a statement about how they must act in the work force, they must be obmitted to work force first.
Quality of life
The people of France were also experiences starvation, just like the people of Great Britian. The following political cartoon shows a soldier being feed. If the soldiers of the French Army were not getting enough of food, then image what the citizens were getting.
Just like the Great Britain's women experienced the need to go to work so did the women of France. The following is a quote from a french nurse, about her experience as a French Nurse during World War 1, "It is pretty much always like this in a field hospital. Just ambulances rolling in, and dirty, dying men, and the guns off there in the distance!" By her talking about what she did as as a nurse, proves that she did indeed have a job.
Just like the people of Germany, and Great Britain, America also had its women join the work force. The only difference though, is that here in American children were also asked to go to war. The following political cartoon shows this: