Why Are People Broken?

By: Casey Jamison

Defining Broken, What Does it Mean?

To be broken means to have given up all hope, or you are in despair. People can experience this when they are going through a hard time in their lives. Divorce, teen pregnancies and other difficult events can make people "Broken."
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Family Life and its Effects?

Divorce, and teen pregnancy have big impacts on peoples lives. They can completely change how they act. In Iowa the divorce rate has dropped a lot since 1981. In 1981 there were 12,071 divorces. That was 45% that didn't survive. Now in 2011 there was, 7,416 divorces which is 36% of all marriages that year. In 1981 there was, 27,153 marriages that occurred. In 2011 there was, 20,567 marriages that occurred. Now to look at the U.S. In 2011 we had a 41% divorce rate. There was roughly 2,118,000 marriages in the United States and there were roughly, 877,000 divorces that year. The feminist movement in the 70's really drove the divorce rate of that time. In 1975 there were 2,152,662 marriages, and 1,036,000 divorces, saying that 48% of marriages failed during the middle of that time period. In Spain they have a divorce rate of 65% of marriages failed. Divorce can really hurt those that involved. The adults are affected because they have to spend a lot of time and money to be separated from someone they once loved. And if there are children in the middle they have to deal with the fact that, they have two parents but they don't live in the same and it is a very emotional time from everyone involved. In adults they are still very saddened and stressed by the whole situation and they are in the end happier because of the decision. The kids are the ones that are effected the most because they have to watch their parents fight and argue the whole time. Kids experience, depression, stress, anger and many other psychological effects.



Teen Pregnancy is another aspect of life that can really effect people and how they function. In Iowa, in the year 2011, 2,686, babies were born to girls under the age of 20. 21 of those babies were born to girls who are under the age of 15. 700 were to girls between ages 15-17. and 1,965 of those babies were to girls ages 18-19. In the U.S. total there were 333,746 babies born to girls under the age of 20. 3,974 babies were to girls that were under 15. 95,538 babies were born to girls between 15-17. Lastly there were 234,234 babies born to 18-19. 1% born to girl under 15, 28% to girls between 15-17, and 70% to girls between 18-19. Teens who get pregnant are less likely to finish high school. If they don't finish high school they are less likely to get jobs and degrees so they can pay for their baby. They are more likely to rely on public assistance. They are also more likely to have children who have a poor education and behave differently over the course of their lives. With this in mind the mother will be considered broken because she can't right what she has done in her life so she is considered broken to society.

Economics, and the Effects?

The economy, Credit Cards, and gambling all have a tremendous effect on people. Credit card debt is just a start to this. Credit card debt is defined as, an example of unsecured consumer debt, accessed by the use of a credit card. A credit card is like a loan from the bank. You have to pay back what you spend. You obtain debt by not paying the bill that you get each month. Since it is like a loan, there is interest that comes along with it. People don't pay off these which causes them to fall behind and become in debt. This happens when you make a bunch of large purchases, because of overspending.


Gambling is an example of something that breaks people. Gambling is, taking a risky action in the hope of a desired result, like betting on a horse to win a derby. This can break people because they will spend all of their money on something. When they put in money they have a low chance of winning, because if there are a lot of people in on the bet and you lose you are out money. Gambling causes money problems in the family. It is emotional for both the gambler and the family. The stress of all the gambling will cause the gambler to break down and can cause depression, and other stress related problems.


The Recession, effected many families during its course. A recession is, a period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced. The most recent recession started in December of 2007 and ended in June of 2009. The recession effected people in different ways. Many lost their jobs, homes and income because of it. The divorce rate significantly dropped during this time though because it is very expensive to go through divorce and it was hard to have enough money to go through with it.


Now How do we fix our economic mistakes? To avoid credit card debt and other imbalances one thing to do is make a budget. A budget is, an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time. People use a budget so that they can set aside the correct amount of money each month for their needs. In your budget you can also set aside a little bit of money for the wants that you have. A budget helps with using your credit because then you won't overspend and have a huge bill at the end of the month for your card.

Psychological Effects

Stress is defined as, a normal physical response to events that make you feel threatened or upset your balance in some way. Stress helps you to rise above and meet some challenges in life. Stress can be caused by all of the situations above. Stress is how your bodies way protecting you. The picture below shows how your body shows you different signs of stress.


Now how do you recover from or prevent having a lot of stress? First you should try to avoid unnecessary stress. You do this by learning to say no, and distinguishing your "shoulds" and "Musts." Adapt to the stressor and adjust to what is happening. Lastly accept the things that you can't change about the stressor. It will stress you out more if you try to avoid them. There is a great easy things that you can do to help cope with it. First set aside relaxation time. Doing exercises like yoga and meditation help clear your mind and relax your body. Next you can, exercise regularly. This helps you reduce or prevent the effects of stress on your life. Another thing you can do is, eat health. This helps you start and end your day with good vitamins for you. Lastly getting a good nights sleep helps prevent stress in your life. 8 hours is a good amount of time for you to sleep at night. If you do these things it will help you recover or prevent stress in the future.

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Sources

1. Boshart, R. (2014, March 28). Divorces in Iowa lowest since 1968 - TheGazette. Retrieved January 9, 2015, from http://thegazette.com/2013/09/01/divorces-in-iowa-lowest-since-1968/


2. Plunkett, M. (2014, May 4). World's 10 Most Divorced Nations. Retrieved January 9, 2015, from http://www.therichest.com/rich-list/world/worlds-10-most-divorced-nations/6/


3. The Office of Adolescent Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2014, November 13). Retrieved January 9, 2015, from http://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/adolescent-health-topics/reproductive-health/states/ia.html


4. The Office of Adolescent Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2014, December 12). Retrieved January 9, 2015, from http://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/adolescent-health-topics/reproductive-health/teen-pregnancy/


5. Marriages and Divorces 1900-2009. (n.d.). Retrieved January 13, 2015, from http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0005044.html


6. O'Connell Corcoran, K. (n.d.). Psychological and Emotional Aspects of Divorce. Retrieved January 13, 2015, from http://www.mediate.com/articles/psych.cfm#stats


7. Gambling 101. (n.d.). Retrieved January 14, 2015, from http://www.problemgambling.ca/EN/AboutGamblingandProblemGambling/Pages/TheEffectsOfGambling.aspx


8.Stress Symptoms, Signs, and Causes. (n.d.). Retrieved January 15, 2015, from http://www.helpguide.org/articles/stress/stress-symptoms-causes-and-effects.htm