Seven Hills of Rome
Aaron Colvin 4A
Names of the Seven Hills of Rome
1) The Seven Hills names are Quirinal, Viminal, Caelian, Esquiline, Aventine, Capitoline and the Palatine.
Today the Capitoline hill still symbolizes the heart of Rome and it is the perfect starting point for a visit of the Eternal City. Excavations of the hill have uncovered traces of a settlement that was built here in the Iron Age. The hill was an ideal site for the early settlers since it was situated right near a ford across the Tiber and its steep rocky slopes provided a natural protection against enemies. The hill had two summits: the Arx to the north and the lower but larger Capitolium to the south. The area in between was called the Asylum. It was a place where refugees from other states could find shelter.
Temple of Jupiter: largest and most impressive temple
Tarpeian Rock: According to legend the Tarpeian Rock, situated just south of the Temple of Jupiter, was named after a Roman woman called Tarpeia, who helped the Sabines conquer the Capitoline Hill during the reign of Romulus, the legendary founder of Rome. Tarpeia was promised jewelry for her treason but the Sabines instead crushed here between their shields. From then on traitors of Rome were thrown from this rock.
Temple of Juno Moneta: The north summit, the Arx, was long the site of Rome's fortress. In 344-343 BC a temple was built here on the order of the city's military leader Marcus Furius Camillus. The temple was dedicated to the goddess Juno. There are several legends that explain the name Moneta, which is possibly derived from the Latin word monere, meaning warn or advise. According to one version people heard voices from the temple that warned them of an earthquake. Another version tells us the name stems from the geese that warned Camillus when Gauls tried to capture the Capitoline Hill.
Tabularium: Housed the state archives, was built between the Temple of Jupiter and the Temple of Juno. It was a large building with several colonnaded stories that looked out over the Forum Romanum. From the Forum you can still clearly see the remains of the lower floor of the Tabularium, now situated below the Palazzo Senatorio.
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Arches of Tabularium. Digital image. A View on Cities. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2015.
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"Palatine Hill." , Rome. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2015.
Palatine in Imperial Times. Digital image. A View on Cities. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2015.
Pavilions at the Farnese Gardens. Digital image. Aviewoncities, n.d. Web. 06 May 2015.
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