Type 2 Diabetes

By Dannielle Long ABS 8

General background

Type 2 diabetes is when your body rejects the insulin that is made in your pancreas. The insulin is still being made, but the insulin and insulin receptors are not being recognized by each other. This causes the glucose to build up in your blood stream causing your blood sugar to rise in levels. Over time your eyes, kidneys, nerves, or heart may start to hurt as an effect of high blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes is more common in certain ethnicities, which are: African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans. The older or aged population is also at a higher risk of getting type 2.

Dietary Recommendation

Having Type 2 Diabetes, it is important to eat healthy and make smart decisions with your food. Some healthy recommendations are:

  • Eat varieties of foods, such as vegetables, lean meats, fruits, and beans (for protein)
  • The number of calories eaten should balance with your activity level
  • Pick foods that are rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables
  • Limit intake of cholesterol, salt, saturated fats, and added sugar

For help contact your nutritionist or dietician. Or click the following link to visit a website to help with making meal plans.


Role of Blood Sugar Monitering/ Adjustments

Monitoring your blood sugar levels is extremely important at maintaining your intake of insulin. It is recommended that you log your results each time so your doctor and you know that it is staying consistent. To check your blood sugar, you need to have a glucose monitor. You prick your finger and get a drop of blood. Then you plug that into the meter so it is able to tell you your blood sugar.

Exercise Recommendation

Exercise is important for someone with diabetes and has many benefits. Some of the benefits are:

  • helps the body use the insulin
  • burns extra fat (even when you don't have diabetes)
  • helps to lower your blood sugar
  • helps with stress
  • has heart disease and strokes less likely (diabetes can raise risk)
  • helps with energy

When you exercise, you regularly burn some of those built up glucose, which in return you are having a better time and more energy.

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Lifestyle Recommendation

Some recommendations that you should take into consideration is making healthier choices. Having diabetes restricts you with some decisions. You need to log, and stay on top of your food choices, intake of calories, look at nutrition facts is more important now, exercising, and checking up with you doctors along the way.

Importance of Staying Fit

Staying fit is important whether or not you have diabetes. BUT, having diabetes does make it a more important to stay on top of being fit and maintaining a fit lifestyle. This means keeping up with logging your activity and what you did that day and for how long. Staying fit will help with burning some of the extra backed up glucose. Being fit is also helpful for having healthier food choices because when you don't stick to your planed menu you will have many problems (loss of energy, not enough insulin injections to keep up with the large amounts of glucose).
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Three Professionals

Nutritionist: Health professionals who create meal plans and can oversee the preparation of meals. This professional is someone who you would want to contact incase you have any questions or need some help with meals to have as a diabetic. (for contact if you don't already have one please call, 310-576-3456)

Psychologist: Study the behavior in animals and humans and the mental process they posses. They collect information be group trails/studies and start to form theories that helps explain certain behaviors and reactions. They can help with forming symptoms of people with diabetes who keep track of their blood sugar levels and healthy/fit lifestyle and those who don't. (Contact, 310-334-0989)

Certified Diabetic Educator: They educate the patients on the changes that have to be made in their diabetic lifestyle. These are the people in the profession on informing the patients of the way they will have to change what they do in how they eat and exercise, aswell as how the insulin and monitor work for checking you blood sugar levels. (If you have not had this done and met with an educator, call, 310-454-2234)