history of stamps
Prestamps signs of postal payment
The idea of a paper label as a sign of postal payment was offered in different times, and the postage stamp has predecessors:
• 1653-1654 - Jean-Jacques Renoir de Wilaya (FR. Jean-Jacques Renouard de Villayer), organized by the permission of Louis XIV regular postal service in Paris, issued tickets for payment of mail collection (Billet de port payé) for the price of 1 su (salt), which wrapped postal items.
• 1660-1663 - under Henry Bishop in England appeared the first stamp of the post collection, including an indication of the amount that should have received with the message recipient.
• 1660 - Robert Murray organized the first city private mail, which passed into the hands of his business partner, a merchant William Dockwra. The postal service has received the name «the penny post,» due to the rate for 1 penny for the delivery of letters weighing up to 1 pound.
• 1819-1837 - in a Sardinian Kingdom issued galleries sheets of writing paper for letters, called ital. Carta postala bolata , on which the blue paint printed price of 15, 25 and 50 payment and was the picture of a boy on horseback, blowing in the post horn. Depending on the price of a sheet form stamp was round, oval or octagonal; the paper had various watermarks to prevent forgery.
• 1823 - Swedish Lieutenant curry Gabriel Treffenberg has suggested to enter the envelopes of the advance payment from the printed on them trademark, performed relief embossed or colorful allegorical figure, which would be difficult to counterfeit.
· 1834-1839 - James Chalmers, Scottish bookseller and publisher, wrote and produced the projects signs of postal payment.
· 1835-1836 - Lovrenc Košir, an Austrian official, assistant of the mail clerk and Slovene descent, proposed to pre-pay for the postage with the help of adhesive stamps.