Irish Immigrants

By: Lyvia

About the Irish

The Irish came to America as soon as England took over Ireland. They left Ireland because they were forced to be in England's army and some were used as servants. Other reasons are that the laws made it hard for Irish Catholics and it got harder to own land. The Irish came to America between 1820 and 1860. By 1940, the Irish made up half of the Immigrants to the U.S.A. The Irish immigrants settled in Import cities like New York, Boston, Philadelphia, and New Orleans. Many Irish immigrants worked as indentured servants, which means they worked for free if someone paid their way to America. One of the traditions that the Irish brought to America is Saint Patrick's Day. The Irish celebrate this tradition to celebrate the catholic saint Patrick. Some more traditions are Irish music, dancing, and food like shepherds pie and soda bread.

Irish Soda Bread

4 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1/4 cup sugar
  • 1 teaspoon baking soda
  • 2 teaspoons baking powder
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1 1/4 cups butter milk
  • 1/4 cup corn oil
  • 2 teaspoons caraway seeds
  • 1 cup golden raisin
  • 1 tablespoon milk
  • Directions:

    1. Preheat the oven to 350ºF.

    2. Lightly grease a baking sheet or line it with.

    3. parchment paper.

    4. In a large bowl, stir the flour, sugar, baking soda, baking powder and salt together.

    5. In a separate bowl, beat the eggs, buttermilk, and oil together.

    6. Make a well in the center of the dry ingredients and pour in the buttermilk mixture.

    7. Add the caraway seeds and raisins.

    8. Stir until a soft dough has formed.

    9. Shape the dough into a large ball on a lightly floured board (flour your hands if necessary for easier handling).

    10. With a sharp knife, make a cross on the top.

    11. Place on the prepared pan.

    12. Brush the top with the milk.

    13. Bake in the center of the oven until golden brown, 30 to 40 minutes.

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    - Irish Americans by: Margaret C. Hall