Tuskegee Airman

By Maurice C. Atwood

U.S. Army Air Corp

¨Tuskegee Airmen is the name given to members of the U.S. Army Air Force units in World War II that were comprised primarily of African American flyers and maintenance crews, though a few white officers and trainers were also involved.¨ The name Tuskegee Airman was the name ¨ comprised primarily of African American flyer¨(Historynet).¨Service in the U.S. Army Air Corps had been limited to white personnel from its inception as part of the U.S. Army Signal Corps in 1907 until near the end of the 1930s.¨ Back then 1907 there was whites only U.S. Army Crops ¨ until near the of the 1930s¨(Historynet).

Black Troops

1925 Army War College study of black troops in World War I that concluded Negroes, the racial term then in use, were subservient, mentally inferior and “barely fit for combat.” In 1925 the word Negros meant unfit for combat ¨ the racial term then in use , were subservient, mentally inferior and barely fit for combat¨. (Histroynet)

NAACP

¨In 1939, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) took aim at the military’s segregationist policies. Negro newspapers and civic groups around the country began a public campaign to integrate the armed forces.¨ African American in 1939 ¨ took aim at the military´s segregationist policies¨(Histroynet). In 1941, the campaign turned to the courts. Yancey Williams, a student at Howard University, filed a suit backed by the NAACP to force the Air Corps to accept him into training. 1941 Yancey Williams a African American and a student at Howard University went to court “ filed a suit backed by the NAACP to force the Air Corps to accept him into training” (Historynet).