Religions

By Sara Smith

Hinduism

http://youtu.be/Q0QtrP9CXpk

Polytheistic

Gods:

  1. Brahman
  2. Vishnu
  3. Shiva
  4. Shakti


Rituals/ Practices:

-Hinduism originated from their rituals from Arayan tribes.

- Ayurveda is one of the practices Hindu do. It speaks of eight branches. Internal medicine, surgery including anatomy, (eye,ear, nose and throat diseases), pediatrics, psychiatry or demonology, toxicology, science of rejuvenation, and the science of fertility.

- ceremonies centering on birth, marriage, and death (reincarnation)


Books:

There are three, The Red Veda, is the biggest of them all.


Beliefs:

Hindu believe in karma. Karma means intensional actions that effect one fortunes in his/her life. It appears in 'The Red Veda'. It is regarded as a fundamental law of nature. There are three types of karma:

  • 1. Prarabdha karma - during the present lifetime
  • 2. Sancita karma - the karma that has not yet reached fruition
  • 3. Agamin or sanciyama karma - sown in the present life that will come to fruition in a future life

  • Holidays:
  • - Holi is an annual festival celebrated on the day after the full moon in the Hindu month of Phalguna (early March).
  • - Diwali (Sanskrit Dīpãvali, "row of lights"), also transliterated Deepavali or Diwãli (contracted spelling) is a Hindu festival of lights lasting five days. For many Hindus, Diwali is also New Year's Eve.



    Buddhism

    http://youtu.be/B42bbRvYhRg

    Non-theistic


    Gods:

    They don't have a god they have a Buddha which is like a role-model.


    Book:

    N/A


    Beliefs:

    1. The Buddha is our only Master.
    2. We take refuge in the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha.
    3. We do not believe that this world is created and ruled by a God.


    Rituals/practices:


    1. Meditation- a form of mental concentration that leads ultimately to enlightenment and spiritual freedom


    Holidays

    Vesak- is the birthday of the Buddha and the most important festival

    Sangha Day- commemorates the Buddha's visit to Veruvana Monastery

    Dhamma Day- is observed on the full moon day of the eighth lunar month (July)

    Judaism

    http://youtu.be/buhBtLWzSUU

    Monotheistic

    God:

    Referred to as Yahweh


    Book:

    Holy writings that are know as Torah, reveals how their God has been present with them throughout time.


    Rituals:

    Worship and Prayer- Often with instructions and commentary, are found in the siddur, the traditional Jewish prayer book.


    Beliefs:

    The Messiah

    - The Jewish believe that the messiah will be 'the end of days'.

    The Afterlife

    -To fulfill one's duties to God and one's fellow man.

    -Rejoining one's ancestors after death


    Holidays:

    -Hanukkah- is probably the Jewish holiday with which non-Jews are most familiar, due to its proximity to Christmas.

    -Sukkoth- is known by several names: the "Festival of Booths",the "Festival of the Ingathering", "The Festival" , and the "Season of Rejoicing"

    Yom Kippur- is the occasion on which otherwise nonobservant Jews are most likely to attend synagogue

    -Rosh HaShanah, which is basically New Years but with a different name.


    Islam

    http://youtu.be/oQdGBu4biWU

    Monotheistic

    God:

    Allah


    Book:

    The Quran


    Beliefs:

    -Muslims believe there will be a day of judgment when all humans will be divided between the eternal destinations of Paradise and Hell.

    -The Five Prophets

    1. Noah (Nuh)
    2. Abraham (Ibrahim)
    3. Moses (Musa)
    4. Jesus (Isa)
    5. Muhammad


    Holidays

    - Al-Hijra, the Islamic New Year, is celebrated on the first day of Muharram, the month in which Muhammad emigrated from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE

    - Ramadan is not a holy day to Muslims but a holy month. It is the ninth month of the Muslim year, in which "the Qur'an was sent down as a guidance for the people"


    Rituals:

    -Almsgiving is a central activity in Islam. The Qur'an explicitly requires it and often places it alongside prayer when discussing a Muslim's duties

    - The Five Pillars of Islam or "Pillars of Faith" are the five religious duties expected of everyMuslim.



    Christianity

    http://youtu.be/Ut-UOhY0s8E

    Monotheistic

    God:

    Jesus


    Book:

    Bible


    Beliefs:

    Holy Spirit - is the Third Person of the Trinity, co-equal with the Father and the Son as a part of the Godhead.

    God who created the world and takes an interest in the humans who inhabit it.

    In Christian belief, angels were created good but were endowed with free will just as humans were. Some of them rebelled against God, were banished from heaven, and became demons. The English word "demon" comes from the Greek daemon (δαίμων), which originally referred to any spirit but came to be associated with only evil spirits.


    Rituals

    Sacrament of Penance- which confession in a part of, was instituted by Christ for the remission of Penance was instituted by Christ for the remission of sins committed after baptism.

    Baptism- is one of the two most important sacraments in Christianity. it involves application of or immersion in water, a blessing, and the pronouncement, "I baptize you in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit."

    Mass- The Mass is the complex of prayers and ceremonies that make up the service of the Eucharist in the Latin rites.


    Holidays:

    -Lent- is a 40-day period of fasting and repentance in preparation for the celebration of Easter.

    - Ash Wednesday- is the first day of Lent

    -Mardi Gras - also known as Carnival andShrove Tuesday, is the last day before the beginning of Lent, a period of fasting and repentance leading up to Easter.

    - Christmas- Celebration in the birth of Jesus Christ.



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