Judaism

3 Religions

Followers

A follower of Judaism is a Jew. Most common are Orthodox, Conservative and Reformed. They believe in a god called Yahweh.

Central Teaching/Beliefs

Their key beliefs are prayer and the study of the Torah. They also follow God's laws including the 10 commandments. By following the laws they believe in justice and that God considers all people equal. A holy day known as Sabbath, is from Friday evening to Saturday evening.

Sacrament/Traditions

Some Jews only eat Kosher foods which means no pork, shellfish, or mixing of milk and meat products.

A ritual they do is called a Bar (boy) or bat (girl) Mitzvah at the age of 13 in which they become a full member of congregation.

Jewish Folk Song - Tumbalalaika

Place of Worship

Is a Synagogue

Worship Leaders

Rabbi=teacher of Torah; guide

Holy Book

Is called the Torah or Tanakh

Holy Days/ Holidays

Some of the Holy Days are Rosh Hashanah which is the New Year and fasting begins. There is also Yom Kippur in which fasting ends, celebration. There is also Passover and Hanukkah.

Holy Cities and Places

For Jews the Western Wall (sometimes called the Wailing Wall) is in Jerusalem

Common Figure

Jewish ties to Jerusalem go back to the time of Abraham, the father of Judaism. To test Abraham's faith in God, God said to Abraham, "Take, I beg of you, your son, your only son, whom you love, Yitzhak, and get yourself to the land of Moriah and offer him up there as an offering on one of the mountains on which I will tell you." (Genesis 22:2) It is on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem that Abraham passes God's test of faith. Mount Moriah came to symbolize for the Jews the supreme embodiment of their relationship with God.

Then, "Abraham named this place: God Sees, which today is expressed as follows: On the mountain of God is one seen." (Genesis 22:14) From this Jews understand that in Jerusalem, unlike any other place on earth, God is almost tangible.

View of God to all 3 religions

All 3 religions (Christianity, Judaism and Islam) believe in one god - each had their own name for him. They all prayed to him and had days in which they celebrated something special that happened. Each has a holy book that told the story of their god and have worship leaders that teach about their god. So while the name may be different the religion in itself has many similarities.

Gabriel Nanry - Period 2 World Cultures