Confucianism daoism and legalism
Ancient china religon
A third philosophy stressed the importance of a system of laws. This philosophy became known as legalism , or the "School of Law."
A thinker named Hanfeizi introduced the ideas of legalism during the 200s b.c. Unlike Confucius or Laozi, Hanfeizi believed that humans are naturally evil. Strict laws and harsh punishments were necessary to force people to do their duty.
Many aristocrats supported legalism because it emphasized force. Legalism did not require rulers to consider the needs or wishes of their people. Its ideas led to cruel punishments for even the smallest crimes.