The Metis

Background


The Metis are an indigenous people of North America. A typical Metis ancestry would include a First Nation women and usually a British or French man. Early Metis were usually of the Mi'kmaq, Algonquin, Cree, Ojibwe, or Maliseet. Currently, most Metis live in many parts of the western part of Canada (which is mainly the province of Manitoba to the province of British Columbia). Metis have fought bravely for their rights respects and freedom countless times, such as the Red River Rebellion, Battles of the Beaver Wars, and North-West Rebellion!

Government

In the early settlements of the Metis the government there was a lot of disorder between power because of false promises and lies towards the Metis over power which in turn caused many rebellions and uprisings! As a matter of fact, the Red River Rebellion occurred because of Metis land being transferred into what was becoming Canada. Therefore, Louis Riel and the rest of his army took a stand which was during what we know today as the Red River Rebellion! As a positive result, the Metis bill of right’s became intact and the metis was a provisional democratic system from then on which soon led them into joining Canada. The Métis Nation is represented through democratically-elected, province-wide governance structures from Ontario then going westward.

Famous Metis people

Metis

Important things about the Metis

The Metis people helped to shape a lot of parts in now a day Canada. Mainly in the development of the west. The very origins of the Metis people began in Eastern Canada as early as the 1600s. These Metis were generally the children of European fishermen and their Native wives. Yet, it was the Red River area which is located in present day Manitoba, is where the Metis Nation was originally established. Sadly, when the fur trade moved westward, in the 1700s and 1800s, many French/Canadian fur traders found themselves Native wives and had children. The children born from these two people would form a new Nation in Canada which would be a called the 'Western Metis'.

Culture

Roots of traditional worldviews teach that there are four interconnected parts to live including mental, physical, spiritual and emotional aspects. Following this, they have many weekly more as monthly rituals as to the previous aspect. The Metis people most famous culture is their traditional dances. Metis play a traditional instrument known as the fiddle while dancing the Metis way was well as their own made up dance! The people who usually dance to the fiddlers are called jiggers. The Métis fiddle style is a combination of many different fiddle styles, including Celtic and traditional French songs. The fiddle is played with a focus on creating danceable rhythms that jiggers can dance to.

Environment

Rivers were important for transportation during the fur trade. The French-Canadian voyageurs who traveled along the rivers, set up settlements, got married and had children, giving rise to new Metis communities. The Hayes River in Manitoba was used a principle fur trade route. Lakes were also used as important routes for the fur trade. Therefore, many Metis communities were established near the Great Lakes, and many Western Canadian lakes. The Red River in Manitoba was used as a principle route during the western fur trade. Therefore, it played a critical role in the establishment of the Metis Nation. Many French-Canadian voyageurs made camp along the banks of the Red River. It was there that many voyageurs fell in love with local Native women and had children, the Metis.