Chapter 15

Entry #1

Writ of Habeas Corbus

Literally means " produce the Body" . Its a court order to a person or agency in custody to deliver the imprisoned individual to the court issuing the order.

Ex- a prisoner that wants help from a court on the conditions on which they are being imprisoned for can file an application known as the writ of habeas corbus.

It was created to help citizens keep government and other institutions that imprison people in check.

.Ex Post facto law

a law that retroactively changes the legal consequences (or status) of actions that were committed, or relationships that existed, before the enactment of the law

Bill of attender- an act of legislature finding a person guilty of treason or felony without trial.

Court Cases that protect the first amendment rights 😝

Due Process-Lawrence vs. Texas

Establishment-Pierce vs. The society of Sisters

Free Exercise-Christian legal society Vs. Martinez

How far does free speech stretch?

Free speech stretches very far, but not too far. free speech gives citizens the authority to speak and say their mind without censorship or fear of being prosecuted. Although citizens are not allowed to scream fire in a public are in fear of starting a riot also restricts anything that will cause panic or fear to a large number of people.

Protected types of speech are like the ability to pretest or even promote your religion.

Freedom of assembly!!!!!!

Freedom of assembly

Public forums are United state owned land that is open to the public for assemblies and public expressions.

Local rules on assembly? Assembly can't be violent or even influence violence.

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Do YOU have a right to Privacy?

Here are some court cases that have to deal with citizens privacy.

  1. Griswold v. Connecticut-a landmark case in the United States in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the Constitution protected a right to privacy. (1965)
  2. Stanley v. Georgia-a United States Supreme Court decision that helped to establish an implied "right to privacy" in U.S. law, in the form of mere possession of obscene materials.
  3. Roe v. Wade-Court case dealing with the subject of abortion and the right and privacy to choose to keep or abort your child.
  4. Bowers v. Hardwick-a United states supreme court decision, overturned in 2003, that upheld, in a 5–4 ruling, the constitutionality of a Georgia sodomy law criminalizing oral and anal sex in private between consenting adults, in this case with respect to homosexual sodomy, though the law did not differentiate between homosexual sodomy and heterosexual sodomy
  5. Lawrence v. Texas- This a court case about me duhhhh! Jk Lawrence V. Texas is a landmark decision by the United states Supreme court. The Court struck down the sodomy law in Texas and, by extension, invalidated sodomy laws in 13 other states making same-sex sexual activity legal in every U.S. state and territory

What are the Four states of Privacy?

The four states of privacy were created by political scientist Alan Westin. The four States are:

A. anonymity, loneliness, reserve, intimacy
B. intimacy, doubt, anonymity, reserve
C. reserve, identification, attachment, solitude
D. solitude, intimacy, anonymity, and reserve

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Chapter 16😈

How to gain or lose citizenship in the United states?

You gain citizenship by being a natural born citizens of the United States. Also by being the child of a member of the United States Military even if you are born in a different country. The most difficult way to become a citizen is by naturalization, which involves multiple steps to becoming an American Citizen. A great way to lose citizenship though is by committing a horrific crime or by becoming a member of another countries armed forces. You can even lose it by joining the government of a foreign country.

Private Property

The united states protects private property by not allowing free roaming laws. Free roaming laws give citizens to basically walk or roam where ever they please even if it is on private land. The US chose not to be like Sweden and add this law. If this law was instated private property owners would have to be compensated by the government. The only way the government can invade or build on private property is in the building or expansions of major roads and interstates.
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Rights Of the accused

The fifth amendment protects the accused from being convicted of the same crime twice and also requires that you be read your rights while or before you are arrested.

Chapter 17

Time line of the quest for equality

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equal education for all?

In 1974 the US congress enacted the equal education opportunity act.(EEQA) The act protects all citizens under the law and gives the right to an education.

Affirmative action and its controversy

Affirmative action can be a good and a bad thing. It levels the playing for minorities to get better jobs and make there way of living a little less stressful. Affirmative action can also be taken to the extreme and provide a minority who isn't qualified for a job over someone who may or many not be a minority who is qualified. This can cause a lot of controversy amongst citizens.