The Beginning to 1750

The Native Americans and Puritans

Vocabulary:

Puritan plain style- Style characterized by short words, direct statements and references to ordinary objects.

Apostrophe- when a figure directly addresses an absent person, personified object, absent person, quality or idea.

Oratory- Any formal public speaking, not written works. used by native Americans often

Sermon- Speechgiven from a pulpit in a house of worship.(Prentice hall 4-10)

Edward Taylor

Edward Taylor was one of the puritans that fled to the American colonies to escape the religious persecution in England. Before he decided to travel to the Americas, he worked as a school teacher, which is one reason why when he came over to the Americas he entered Harvard university. He graduated from said school in 1671. Edward had many personal tragedies in his life, including the death of five of his 8 children in infancy. His writing was very much a form of personal worship so he only permitted that 2 stanzas be published. in 1993 after his writings had been at yale for quite some time, they were published in "The Poetical Works of Edward Taylor".

(Prentice hall, 97-111)


Jonathan Edwards

Jonathan Edwards writing style very much revolved around religious topics rather than personal nature. Many of his stories talked about the torments of hell also known as "fire and brimstone". In his early years he showed many signs of brilliance and at the age of 13 he graduated Yale university and was the valedictorian of his class. He would also give sermons to people on a homemade pulpit. continued to write and preach until his death in 1758 shortly after becoming the president of Princeton university. His sermon by the name of "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" is his most popular work and was said to have caused people to rise from their seats when the sermon was given.

(Prentice hall 97-111)

Anne Bradstreet

Anne Bradstreet arrived with her husband to the Massachusetts bay colony in 1630, she was only 18 at the time. Hometown was Northampton England. Anne Bradstreet also raised 8 children in her lifetime. She devoted her free time to writing even though it was considered extremely un lady-like. Her brother in law later in life convinced her to publish some of her works even though she had written them as merely a personal endeavor rather than to be published and read by others. Her works were widely considered to be the first collection of poetry written in colonial America. Many of the poems were of very personal nature because they were not designed to be published. These topics circled around such things as her children, The birth of these children as in one of her writings, and her thoughts at the time of writing.

(Prentice hall 97-111)