Republic

Parliamentary vs. Presidential Democracy

Parliamentary Democracy

In this type of government, voters elect lawmakers for a parliament. If no one wins majority, they combine forces and work together. From these lawmakers, a prime minister (who would serve as a leader), is chosen.


Strengths:

With this type of government, it’s a little easier to get things passed, as there are fewer steps in the process.


Weaknesses:

On the other hand, there are also some flaws in a parliamentary democracy. The lack of separation of legislative and executive branches means there is no way to measure the prime minister’s power. He may also lack legitimacy, or the quality of being accepted as an authority, because he was not directly chosen as the "leader". The prime minister can be dismissed at any time, which can cause instability in the government.

In this system, the voters elect the members of Parliament. These elected members then choose one person among them to serve as the Prime Minister. He is overseen by a cabinet and other departments and agencies.

(As seen below.)

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Presidential Democracy

In this type of government, voters choose a president to head the executive branch. They also choose lawmakers for the legislative branch. There are three branches which work together to govern.


Strengths:

There are more steps involved in passing a law, which can have positive and negative effects. Because a president is chosen by the people, they will usually be more responsive. Presidents also usually have more legitimacy, or the quality of being accepted as an authority, because he was directly chosen by the people. Some presidents have a history of abusing their power, but the definite separation of branches controls this power abuse. There is also more stability in the government when there are elected officials with fixed terms.


Weaknesses:

On the other hand, it’s almost impossible to remove a president before the end of their term (in the case that he has done something extremely frowned upon or objectionable). Another conflict that can arise, is if the president is from a different party than those in the legislature, they disagree on many matters at hand.

In this system, voters elect the President and a Legislature. They oversee each other and work together to create a government. They are also overseen and helped by other government officials and agencies.

(As seen below.)

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There are quite a few differences between a parliament and a presidential democracy.

(See the chart below for more details.)

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