Tsar Alexander II
Alexander II was emperor of Russia from 2 March 1855, until his death in 1881. The eldest son of Tsar Nicholas I, Alexander came into power during the Crimean War. Known as "Alexander the Liberator" and the most successful Russian ruler since Peter the Great, Tsar Alexander did more than just have awesome facial hair. During his reign he signed the Emancipation Manisfesto, freeing all of the serfs in Russia, as well as selling Alaska to the U.S. in 1867 so that the British would not obtain control of the territory.
During his reign as Tsar, Alexander II wasn't always admired by all of his subjects. Due to the unsatisfactory effects of his reforms on Russia, he dissatisfied many liberals and radicals within the country. Leading a group called the People's Will to branch off from the Land and Freedom society where 6 members (4 men and 2 women) assassinated the Tsar by throwing two bombs at him and his imperial guards. The first wounding several guards, while the second killed Alexander, himself, after stopping his carriage to access the damage already made. He died on 13 March, 1881