States of Matter

Nathan Gomes 9-22-15, 5th

Solids

Definition- A substance or object that is solid rather than liquid or fluid.

Details:Solids, they have a definite shape that is not easy change. The atoms in a solid are tightly bonded together in a regular geometric lattice.Its not easily compressible.

Examples of Solids are Rocks, walls, bricks are all examples of solids.

Liquids

Definition-Having a consistency like that of water or oil, Flows freely but consisted volume.

Details: Most liquids differ from each other with viscosity. (water-honey).Its the only state of matter that has a definite volume but no fixed shape.The density of a liquid is usually close to that of a solid but much higher than gas.

Examples are Water, honey, and juice.

Gases

Definition- An air like fluid substance which expands freely to fill any space available, irrespective of its quantity.

Details: Has no fixed volume, No definite shape, and has a high kinetic energy.

Examples are Oxygen, helium, and hydrogen.

Plasma

Definition- An ionized gas consisting of positive ions and free electrons in proportions resulting in more or less no overall electric charge , typically at low pressures or at very high temperatures.

Details- Particles on it have extreme amount of energy.Sometimes thought of as a gas consisting of electrons instead of atoms.most common phase of matter in the Universe.

Examples: Gases in discharge tubes (Fluorescent Lights and neon signs) Welding arches and lightning.

Bose-Einstein Condensate

Definition-A state of matter that forms below a critical temperature in which all bosons in the matter fall into the same quantum state. Also called Superatom.

Details: Groups of atoms that behave as though they are a single particle. -273 degrees is the temperature that it lies.Einstein was the founder of it.

Examples: Thermal, Supercondutives.