Kremer and Associates Lawfirm

We Protect You Against Pending Lawsuits

We take the time to lesson to the problems of our clients and ensure that they receive the most favorable outcomes possible. Our law firm consists of the best defense attorneys in the state. We have been in operation for over 15 years now and
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There are going to be many terms used throughout this brochure, some of which will most likely be unfamiliar to most of you. A working knowledge of these terms will be necessary to understand the civil case procedure you may be going through first-hand.

This preface contains definitions of these terms and how they will apply in a court setting.


Plaintiff- Well, if you find yourself reading this brochure, then someone has initiated a Lawsuit against you! This person is known as the plaintiff.

defendant- You, my friend, are the defendant. You are the person defending against the pending lawsuit.

Complaint- This is what will be filed after the lawsuit against you has become official. The complaint is a statement naming you, the defendant, the plaintiff and the details of the lawsuit.

Summons- A summons is a document issued by a judge requesting that the defendant appear in a court at a given date and time.

Pleadings- Pleadings are filed papers that describe each party's side on the matter.

Pretrial Conference- A pretrial conference is used to settle a dispute before it turns into a trial, as a full-scale trial can be cumbersome, but sometimes, it is just unavoidable.

Mediation- Mediation is the step where parties come together (usually under the supervision of a mediator but not always) to agree to a settlement. For example, Jane sues Jack for $50,000 but agrees to a settlement where Jack only has to pay $30,000.

Arbitration- Arbitration is similar to a trial, except that a neutral 3rd party known as an arbitrator is selected to hear both cases and make a decision.

Trial- The trial is the forum where each case presents their side, after the conclusion of which, the jury deliberates to deliver a verdict.

Preponderance of evidence- Preponderance of evidence is a set guideline stating that if a side has more than 50% of the evidence favoring them, they will win.

Verdict- The verdict is the formal statement delivered by the judge declaring the winning side.

Appeal- An appeal is used by the losing side to re-hear the case in an appeals courts.

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You've been sued!

If you're reading this, then you have been sued by a plaintiff. Now, if this is a new experience for you, then you're probably sweating bullets. This is a normal response. But don't fear, for our law firm has handled over a thousand cases like yours, so we know our way around the block.

So, a plaintiff has filed a complaint naming the issue pertaining to you, the defendant. If this is happened, your first step will be to call us immediately! A summons may be issued soon after as well to call for your appearance in court, which brings us to the pre-trial conference...

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Pre-trial Conference

Before the pre-trial conference, we'll help to establish your pleadings as this is a necessary step. The pleadings will basically say that we are opposed against the plaintiff since that is our position as the defendant. A pre-trial conference may take place in a room like the example provided.

Now, hopefully you will not have to read past here, as the you are now going to go through a pre-trial conference. There is a good chance, depending on the dispute, that it can be settled right here and we can avoid a trial altogether!

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If you're at this part of the brochure, then your case was unfortunately not settled in the pre-trial conference. We are going to have to take it to trial.

Now, a medley of things could happen over the course of the trial. Of course, by now, we know the case inside out and will advise you on the best course of action. If the plaintiff has just too strong of a case, then we will advise mediation as a next step. If our case is the strong one, then we will argue the opposition into the ground!

After the trial concludes, the jury deliberates and the judge delivers a verdict...

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Preponderance of Evidence

The preponderance of evidence is a set guideline setting a 50% evidence benchmark which can be the deciding factor of a civil case. So, if we have 51% of the evidence favoring our side, we are likely to win the whole case! So, a preponderance of evidence really can be like a weighted scale. The question is, who has the most evidence to tip the balance in their favor? Well, if you're using our firm, according to our statistics, it's probably us.

Now, evidence amounts are subjective, so it is not an exact science per say, as it is a guideline.

An important thing to note is that it is not applied in every case. If the case is close, then this may be mandated by a judge to resolve the case.

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Mediation and Arbitration

A trial can be avoided is mediation. If we know that we are not likely to win, this is the recommended step as it can soften the blow so to speak. A more favorable settlement may be agreed upon. Yes, you may have to shake the hand of person that is suing you, but we must all do things considered unpleasant.

Another way a trial can also be avoided is with arbitration. It is quicker and more simple than a trial as a 3rd party arbitrator agreed upon by the plaintiff and you, the defendant rules on the case as opposed to a 6-12 person jury. So, in essence, it is a speedy trial because it has all the steps of a trial, with only one person that has to think and rule on it.

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With the conclusion of any case comes the right to appeal. An appeal is utilized by the losing side (if you're reading this, then unfortunately, that's us) to ask for the case to be re-tried in an appeals court. Our firm only appeals if we feel that our defendant was not correctly represented and has a strong case.

Contact Information

Phone: 1800-thisisnotarealnumber