American History Summ. Assessment 5

...How innovation creates change in society

What is innovation?

I believe that innovation is an idea or product that helps (or possibly harms) society.

These are some events (or inventions) that I believe were the most innovative in the years 1800-1830

The Louisiana Purchase

The Louisiana Purchase was a HUGE innovation to our young country. Buying this giant piece of land from France was probably one of the best land deals in history. It gave the United States about 13 states and more land for farming and agriculture. We now had more room to put settlers coming to the US and people had the option to start farms. But a small warning: don't get the Natives mad.

Lewis and Clark

Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were awesome. I know what you're thinking, 'Wow, what a great way to start a paragraph,'. Yeah, well would you go travel across land filled with who knows what? No? That's what I thought, sit down.

Anyway, the Lewis and Clark Expedition was really innovative. They found new plants and animals, they met and traded with Native American tribes, and they also learned that it was terribly difficult to climb over big rocks. The information that they gathered from this incredible journey helped educate the Americans, and gave settlers who thought about moving west an idea of what they should expect.

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution can't really be set into dates, but you can say that it was when the world was the most innovative. People were putting out invention after invention that would make other's lives easier and simpler. This was also the time when very large factories were in almost every big city in the US. There were so many of them because of mass production. Child labor was happening in almost all the factories. This changed society because now 10 machines could now do what 100 people could do.

In the next example -- this isn't one of the five, just a little something that I threw in before my chosen invention. Kinda like a transition thing, you know? Never mind, let's get to the invention.


The telegraph is like the grandparent of our modern day cellphones. It was one of the first ways of efficient long distance communication. It was invented by Samuel Morse (If you ever wondered how Morse Code got its name, you now know.) in the 1830s. It worked by sending electrical signals over a wire (IT'S WITCHCRAFT!), kind of like the power lines that you see along the side of the road when driving. This helped communication between factories, like ordering shipments or sending them, or train stations, like saying if a train is going to be late. It also helped communication between boats! BOATS! Ships could now give out warnings, or weather updates, or even distress calls if needed!

Small note though: You may want to take an interest in Morse code, or else you're just going to hear a bunch of annoying clicking.

In my definition for innovation, I mentioned that sometimes innovation can be bad for society. These last events are the example of bad, or evil, innovation

The Indian Removal Act

President Jackson is now president, and let me put it bluntly. He's was a racist. He hated the Native Americans. He thought that the Native land belonged to the settlers and that they should leave. He came up with the idea of the Indian Removal Act. The IRA stated that if the tribes signed these "treaties", they would get free land across the Mississippi and give their own land to the government. The removals rarely went smoothly and usually ended with conflict. They were being lied to by the American government into giving away their land. This caused change in our society because it showed how manipulative the government could be. They were lying to people that were the countries citizens. It also showed the racial differences in society.

The Trail of Tears

I like to think that this was one of the worst innovation that this country has ever had. A nation of people were being taken from their homelands, and those people did nothing wrong. The Cherokee people did as they were told; they adapted, you could say, by wearing European clothing and changing their farming style and the homes that they lived in, some of them even had slaves! -- and yet they got betrayed by those who said that they would protect them. The Cherokees were taken from their homes, and anything that wasn't on the person was now the governments. They had to walk over 2,000 miles, through wind, rain, snow, etc. Nearly 4,000 Cherokee people died on the terribly journey. This cause a terrible change in society, and a terrible realization on the Native tribes of this land. When the government said that they were equal; they were lying.


For the Mastery option, I'm going to take two of my innovations and explain how they evolved into modern day use. Those innovations are going to be the telegraph and the Indian Removal Act! BUCKLE UP.

The Indian Removal Act continues...

We can all agree on one thing, the Indian Removal Act was really cruel. The government was forcing Natives to leave their homelands to a land that they knew nothing about. They were assigned an area of land to live in. Those same tribes are living in these reservations today. The Winnebago Indians have a reservation in central Iowa. There are 20+ tribes still living in Oklahoma. Though 70% of Native Americans live in urban areas, like Minneapolis, Chicago, Huston, and New York City, many still live in poverty. The picture to the side shows all of the Indian Reservations.

THE TELEGRAPH! (part 2!)

In my explanation for why I believe that the telegraph was an innovation, I mentioned that the telegraph was the grand-daddy of cellphones (and majority of electronic communication). THAT'S 'CAUSE IT IS! The telegraph lead to the telephone with the spinny-thing to type in the numbers, which lead to the CAMERA, which lead to TELEVISION, which lead to PERSONAL COMPUTERS, which lead to the INTERNET, which lead to CELLPHONES. WE WENT FROM SPINNY THINGS TO TOUCHSCREEN (I'm counting that as an upgrade.)! Woo, that's a lot to comprehend, so let me sum it up -- The telegraph lead to practically everything that we use on a daily basis. If it weren't for the telegraph, you wouldn't be reading this nonsense that I've created.


This country has had many amazing (and terrible) innovations, and there are going to be so much more! Next thing you know, there'll be flying cars and we'll have servant robots. We'll be living like the Jetsons!