The Abolition Of Slavery

Human Rights

Definition of 'Slavery':

Slavery is a type of forced labour in which a person is considered to be the legal property of another. A system which an individual had no personal rights.

Slavery was discovered during the ancient times and was extensively used by ancient Egyptian, Greek and Romans.

Key facts:

- Slave trade existed in America from the time of the European invasion during 16th century

- Slaves could be bought and sold, were also often physically, emotionally and sexually abused.

- Britain and other colonial took slavery for granted

- In 19th century, many protestants view slavery as against the teaching of the church.

-Known as the "transatlantic slave trade" this where European ships would trade products for slave in West Africa.

Other United Nations actions

  1. After the WWI slavery continued to exist in Ethiopia and some part of Arabia. This made the League of Nations ( a forerunner to the United Nations) to appoint the Temporary Slavery Commission (they recommended the creation of a treaty against slavery).
  2. The Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery were arrange during 1926, but signatories were only enforced to end slavery 'as soon as possible'.
  3. The United Nations then replaced the League of Nations at the end of WWII, and it also took over some of the agencies including the Slavery Convention.

Slavery is also banned under Article 4 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Article 4 states that 'No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slaves trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.'