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What is crack cocain ? How is it used ?
Crack cocaine is a powerful stimulant that is highly addictive. It is the crystal form of cocaine. It varies in color: yellow pale rose or white. It is named crack cocaine because it makes a cracking sound when heated. This type of cocaine is much more stronger and powerful than the regular cocaine. It is called as a rich man's drug because it is very expensive.
Cocaine is injected or snorted. When crack is heated and inhaled, the vapours are absorbed through the lungs and into the bloodstream.
Other names of Crack Cocaine
- Snow coke.
- Black rock.
Role of drug dealers
Why might someone try the drug in the first place ?
Teens were surveyed about the reasons why they try crack cocaine and 55% said that it is due to pressure from the friends. Another reason is that they want to look cool and popular. Drug dealers also influence people and make them addictive. Some People try to use it as a stress reliever and become addicted to this dangerous drug.
Short Term Effects of Crack Cocaine
· Contracted blood vessels
· Increased rate of breathing
· Dilated pupils
· Seizures and sudden death from high doses(even one time)
Long Term Effects
· Permanent damage to blood vessels of ear, brain, high blood pressure, leading to hart attacks, stokes and death
· Liver, Kidney and lung damage
· Respiratory failure
· Malnutrition, weight loss
Crack creates severe stresses on the heart, vascular system, the lungs and the brain. Damage to the heart can lead to a fatal heart attack or cardiac arrest. The more crack cocaine consumed, the more damaging the effects of the abuse and addiction will be, which can result to death .
Mentally, the crack user becomes paranoid, defensive and confused. The the person intaking crack is likely to be depressed, isolated and secretive. The crack user will normally be forgetful and will be unable to complete projects and meet deadlines.
Crack is illegal in Canada
In Canada, crack cocaine is illegal under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. This Act includes the sentencing and fines for each category of offense (selling, production, use, etc.). I think it is illegal because it is a very addictive drug and it's short and long term effects causes seriously damages your body and health. No matter how much or how frequently the drug is used, the damage is severe and people experience heart attack, stroke, seizures and respiratory failure which can result in death.
What should you do around the drug ?
The foremost approach to educate people,specially teens is to stay away from any peer pressure that may lead them to get addicted. A person who is abusing crack cocaine goes through a lot of psychological struggle such as mood swings, cracking etc. and the most important thing is to show your support. Make the person feel that you are there to help them in their struggle against the crack addiction. A supportive home environment also makes a big difference in recovering addictive life. Never blame the addictive person , rather show empathy and care.
Who in the community can help people with an addiction to crack cocaine ?
People focused on behaviour therapies and education : Addiction Worker Diploma holders, Psycatrists
Crack cocaine treatment and rehabilitation centers
Most effected therapy is : Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
It has proven to be an effective approach for preventing relapse.
Other therapies such as : Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), Integrated group therapy (IGT), and more
Providing Comprehensive mind and body recovery program : yoga, fitness plans, nutrition education, art and music therapies
- Eight to Ten week Narconon program: phase of recovery is called Naconon New Life Detoxification
- Support and education to facilitate an effective post-discharge treatment strategy for patients and their families