Francois & Jean-Claude Duvalier
Profile of Leaders
- François Duvalier was born on April 14, 1907. President Dumarsais Estimé appointed him direct general of the National Public Health Service in 1946. When Estimé was overthrown, Duvalier created a secret police called, Tontons Macoutes, who terrorized the people for 14 years. They assassinated and imprisoned anyone who was thought to be a threat the Duvalier and installed a fear of government throughout Haiti. Francois was elected president in 1957, and he remained in power for 14 years. Papa Doc's secret police caused a state of poverty in the country while still causing nearly 30,000 deaths.
- Jean-Claude Duvalier was born on July 3, 1951. When he was 19 years old his father died, and he took over as president, making him the youngest president in the world. Shortly after taking office Jean-Claude made life a bit easier for his people by allowing more freedoms for many groups of people. When his army shot and killed 3 school children, the country began to riot uncontrollable and he and his family fled to France. Haiti was left with with an 80% illiteracy rate, 9 out of 10 people were unemployed, and a life expectancy of 53 years. Baby Doc dealt a little with the fear his father installed before him, yet destroyed the country economically and this has caused problems that the modern country of Haiti is still attempting to recover from.
Photos of Leaders
YouTube Video Breakdown
Francois did this in less than a century
His secret police terrified Haiti
There was no way out for them, not even a maybe
But before he died he had a son
Who promised to make the land better for some
Yet he too disappointed many within the towns
And brought the economy wayyyyyy down
Because of these two irresponsible men
Haiti will forever be in fear of their government