Types of Mining
Surface and Subsurface Mining
By: Paola Andreu and Alexis Baptiste
Strip mining removes the rock, gravel, trees and plants from a region and deposits it into nearby streams and rivers. The sediments wind up blocking up the banks of the streams which can lead to flooding in the environment.
Open Pit Mining
Open Pit mining needs to remove a large amount of sediments to reach different ores and while doing that, the earth often removes toxic or radioactive gases.
Fracking can cause oil to leak into groundwater reservoirs and wells and release toxic gases into the atmosphere.