By: AJ Hauer 2nd Period
-President Eisenhower (Rep) first ran for president in 1952, against (Dem) Adlai Stevenson, former govener of Illinouis.
-President Eisenhower ran again for president in 1956. This was a rematch of the 1952 Presidential election, leaving Eisenhower victorious.
-1952 Presidential election he won 55.2 % to 44.4% and in 1956 won 57.4% to 42.0%
-A state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular.
-During his presidency he authorized CIA sponsored coups abroad, commited federal funds to fight communists in Vietnam, and resolved the Suez crisis.
Senator Joseph McCarthy
-Republican senator who accused multiple democrats of being communists
-His philosophy flourished in the seething Cold War atmosphere of suspicion and fear
-Was incredibly ruthless and did damage to American traditions of fair play and free speech
-Removed from the senate when he attacked the U.S. army
Little Rock School Crisis- A group of African Americans who were enrolled were enrolled in Little Rock Central High School were initially prevented from entering the racially segragated school.
Brown Vs. Board of Education- Court ruled that segregation, "seperate but equal," was unconstitutional, overturned Plessy Vs. Ferguson.
Montgomery Bus Boycott- A political and social protest campaign started in in 1955 intended to oppose the city's policy of racial segregation on its public transit system.
Civil Rights Act of 1957- Primarily a voting rights bill, was the first ever civil rights legislation enacted by Republicans in the U.S. since reconstruction, set up a permanent Civil Rrights Commision.
Time magazince depicting the USSR and United States space race.
Brown Vs. Board of Education
First day blacks and whites mix in Little Rock public schools.
Senator Joseph McCarthy
The man behind the second red scare.
Eisenhower's Republicism Policies
-In domestic policies, he described his approach as "Modern Republicanism" and authorized the interstate state highway system.
-He called for a moderate and balanced approach to domestic affair.
-He extended social security to 10 million more citizens, minimum wage was raised, and more pubic housing was built.
-However he did not approve of federal health care insurance and federal aid to education. This policy still called for a large arms buildup and an active foreign policy.
Vietnam War/Space Race
Vietnam-Vietnam became an independent nation in 1954 in the Geneva Conference.
-It was supposed to be only temporarily divided until a general election could be held but this never occurred.
-In North Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh established a communist dictatorship.
-Another government under Ngo Dinh Diem developed in South Vietnam who's support came from anticommunist, Catholic, and urban Vietnamise.
-South Vietnam feared the communists would win the election, thus it was never held.
-The US would give over 1 billion in economic and military aid to South Vietnam between 1955 and 1961 which was justified by Eisenhower's domino theory.
-"Rocket Fever" swept the nation and Eisenhower established the National Aeronautics and Space Association (NASA) and directed billions of dollars to missile development.
-Soviet scientists astounded the world on October 4, 1957, by lofting into orbit around the globe a spaceship (Sputnik I) and a month later they sent (Sputnik II) carrying a dog.
-The amazing scientific breakthrough shattered american self confidence and america had seemingly taken a back seat in scientific achievement; fear of soviet missile superiority.
-The Sputnik success led to a critical comparison of the American education system with that of the Soviet Union
-In 1958 the National Defense and Education Act authorized $887 million in loans to needy college students and in grants for the improvement of teaching the sciences and languages.