President Eisenhower

By: AJ Hauer 2nd Period

Election/Cold War

Election

-President Eisenhower (Rep) first ran for president in 1952, against (Dem) Adlai Stevenson, former govener of Illinouis.

-President Eisenhower ran again for president in 1956. This was a rematch of the 1952 Presidential election, leaving Eisenhower victorious.

-1952 Presidential election he won 55.2 % to 44.4% and in 1956 won 57.4% to 42.0%


Cold War

-A state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular.

-During his presidency he authorized CIA sponsored coups abroad, commited federal funds to fight communists in Vietnam, and resolved the Suez crisis.

McCarthy/Southern Conflicts

Senator Joseph McCarthy

-Republican senator who accused multiple democrats of being communists

-His philosophy flourished in the seething Cold War atmosphere of suspicion and fear

-Was incredibly ruthless and did damage to American traditions of fair play and free speech

-Removed from the senate when he attacked the U.S. army


Southern Conflicts

Little Rock School Crisis- A group of African Americans who were enrolled were enrolled in Little Rock Central High School were initially prevented from entering the racially segragated school.

Brown Vs. Board of Education- Court ruled that segregation, "seperate but equal," was unconstitutional, overturned Plessy Vs. Ferguson.

Montgomery Bus Boycott- A political and social protest campaign started in in 1955 intended to oppose the city's policy of racial segregation on its public transit system.

Civil Rights Act of 1957- Primarily a voting rights bill, was the first ever civil rights legislation enacted by Republicans in the U.S. since reconstruction, set up a permanent Civil Rrights Commision.

Eisenhower's Republicism Policies

-As president he filled his cabinet with successful corporate executives and was criticized for leaving important decisions to others, even though this was untrue.

-In domestic policies, he described his approach as "Modern Republicanism" and authorized the interstate state highway system.

-He called for a moderate and balanced approach to domestic affair.

-He extended social security to 10 million more citizens, minimum wage was raised, and more pubic housing was built.

-However he did not approve of federal health care insurance and federal aid to education. This policy still called for a large arms buildup and an active foreign policy.

Vietnam War/Space Race

Vietnam

-Vietnam became an independent nation in 1954 in the Geneva Conference.

-It was supposed to be only temporarily divided until a general election could be held but this never occurred.

-In North Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh established a communist dictatorship.

-Another government under Ngo Dinh Diem developed in South Vietnam who's support came from anticommunist, Catholic, and urban Vietnamise.

-South Vietnam feared the communists would win the election, thus it was never held.

-The US would give over 1 billion in economic and military aid to South Vietnam between 1955 and 1961 which was justified by Eisenhower's domino theory.


Space Race

-"Rocket Fever" swept the nation and Eisenhower established the National Aeronautics and Space Association (NASA) and directed billions of dollars to missile development.

-Soviet scientists astounded the world on October 4, 1957, by lofting into orbit around the globe a spaceship (Sputnik I) and a month later they sent (Sputnik II) carrying a dog.

-The amazing scientific breakthrough shattered american self confidence and america had seemingly taken a back seat in scientific achievement; fear of soviet missile superiority.

-The Sputnik success led to a critical comparison of the American education system with that of the Soviet Union

-In 1958 the National Defense and Education Act authorized $887 million in loans to needy college students and in grants for the improvement of teaching the sciences and languages.