The Cold War

By: Shania Bonds

Alittle About The Cold War and Who Was Involed And How It Started

The cold war was a state political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular.

The Cold War was the tense relationship between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union (USSR), and its allies between the end of World War II and the demise of the Soviet Union; i.e. the years 1945 to 1991.

The United States and the Soviet Union were uneasy allies; their collaboration was really the result of a mutual fear that the Nazis would gain control over Europe, not based on any ideological commonality. Consequently, after the war was over and the restructuring of Europe began, a power struggle developed between the Soviet Union who wanted Germany to be Communist and the United States and Britain who wanted democratic rule. However, you shouldn't make the assumption that devotion to ideology was all that was behind Cold War animosity; countries tend to be more compliant trading partners with countries that share their political systems and both Stalin and the Cold War Era presidents in the US knew this. The tension eventually built, but no one wanted to go to actual war again after the colossal massacre of WWII, hence the term Cold War.


Marshall Plan

Was america’s main program for rebuilding western europe and opposing communism after WW2. During that time the United States spent 13 billion dollars on economic and technical assistance.

Containment

Determination to stop the spread of communism and was the basis for many U.S. foreign policy decisions during the cold war.


Truman Doctrine

Is the idea that the united states would intervene, on a global basis, to prevent communism from spreading. The central idea was called containment containing the communists in eastern europe and later china.


Berlin Airlift

The soviets placed a blockade on the allied sector of berlin to starve the population into soviet support.


NATO

The north atlantic treaty organization was a military alliance between the United States, Canada, Great Britain, and Western Europe these were the major groups. Generally speaking, it was a treaty for common defense against the USSR's Warsaw Pact a military alliance between USSR and its satellite states.


Korean War

World War II divided Korea into a Communist, northern half and an American-occupied southern half, divided at the 38th parallel. The Korean War 1950-1953 began when the North Korean Communist army crossed the 38th Parallel and invaded non-Communist South Korea.


McCarthyism

Is the practice of making accusations of disloyalty, especially of pro-Communist activity, in many instances unsupported by proof or based on slight, doubtful, or irrelevant evidence.


Space Race

The space race was an informal competition between the united states and the soviet union to see who could make the furthest advancements into space first.


U-2 Incident

The United States had a small fleet of spy planes which were essentially flying cameras which flew at high altitude over potential enemy nations taking photographs with cameras using film. This was in an era when satellites with such a purpose as telecommunications were basically a dream.


Eisenhower Doctrine

A Middle Eastern country could request American economic assistance or aid from U.S. military forces if it was being threatened by armed aggression from another state.


Brinkmanship

The ability to get to the verge without getting into the war is the necessary art.


Cuban Missile Crisis

Cuba was abandoned by countries that supported her in the revolution, so she turned to Communist Russia for aid. Russia agreed to give Cuba oil, and buy Cuba's biggest product (sugar) at a guaranteed price. In return, Cuba would agree to let Russia use the island to spy on the US, and plant a military base there...So far so good, till the Russians planted on Cuba...nuclear missiles; capable of reaching 3/4 of the continental US.


Bay of Pigs Invasion

An unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government. On Apr. 17, 1961, an armed force of about 1,500 Cuban exiles landed in the Bahía de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) on the south coast of Cuba.


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