Climate & Location
Rainforests are very humid, and get about 250 cm of rain a year. Most tropical rainforests are located near the Equator. They average a temperature above 18 degrees Celsius.
Plants & Adaptations
Tropical rainforests contain many plants that are unique and able to adapt.
- Bark is smooth so plants can't grow up it.
- Lianas are climbing woody vines with roots in the ground and they grow up into the canopy for sunlight.
- Leaves have drip tips which drains water quickly off.
- Most of the trees have buttresses since their roots are very shallow, they help with stability.
- Epiphytes live on the surface of other plants to survive.
- Trees reach more than 164 feet to get sunlight.
Animals & Adaptations
The rainforest animals adapt quickly to benefit.
- camouflage allows animals to be invisible to their predators
- Prime Real Estate- is when animals live were there is little competition(like spider monkeys in the canopy)
- Picky Eaters- animals limit their diet so there is less competition for food.
- Night- animals can eat without a lot of competition.
- The release of carbon from machines damage the environment.
- Almost 90,000 square miles of forest are harvested each year.
- Polution harms the animals and plants.
- Farmers clear land for crops and soil fertility is only good for about a year ,so they keep clearing land.
Description of the Land
Tropical rainforests have dense vegatation with enormous trees, and they also have umbrella like canopies.
- they only cover about 2% of the Earth
- 50% of Earth's animals live in rainforests
- almost 1/4 of the worlds medicines are found is them
- 70% of the plants that help with cancer are found in rainforests