by Trinity Armento

Basic facts

  • Capital- Manila
  • Population- 100,998,376
  • Currency- Philippine peso
  • Most population speaks English
  • Head of State and Government- President Benigno Aquino
  • Type of Government- Presidential Republic
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The Philippines is many islands made up into one. Philippines is a tropical area where many typhoons may happen and have many tropical foods. The people are very family-friendly and they help out one another. These islands are located in Southeast Asia by Indonesia and Vietnam. They are very welcoming and an amazing place to visit. They are a very modernized place as of now and they are organized for the most part with their government. This paper will discuss the topics of Philippines Government, foods, culture, gender roles, geography, holidays, and population.


In the Philippines there are 100,998,376 people in the Philippines. Their population growth is growing at a nice rate of 1.61% over time, it isn't too high or too low, just right for the islands. Some islands are more urbanized than some, the urban islands take up about 44.49% of the population while the rural islands take the rest of the population, 55.51% of the population. Most Filipinos live on the more rural islands where it is more family-friendly and everyone knows everyone. While in the urban areas they mostly all know each other but it is more hectic than the rural areas. Some islands are large and take up the population, most of the population lives in Tagalog which is holding 28% of the population. Some other places that a lot of people are living at are Cebuano (13%), Ilocano (9%), and Bisaya (8%). There are many more islands that hold some of the population but Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, and Bisaya hold most of the population of Philippines.


Republic of the Philippines is the long version of Philippines. For the Philippines the Head of State and Head of Government are the same people, that person is President Benigno Aquino the third. The type of government he holds is Presidential Republic. Their flag holds the colors gold, scarlet, and royal blue, it has three stars and a sun. To become a citizen you must have lived in Philippines for 10 years. At least one parent must be a citizen. In Philippines suffrage age is 18 years old. The president has been the same ever since the last election on June 30, 2010


The islands of Philippines are 115,831 sq. mi. which is about the size of Italy or Arizona. The two largest islands in Philippines are Luzon and Mindanao, they are the largest in size but not population. The islands in Philippines are mostly mountainous, some of them could be volcanic and have earthquake activity but it is not common but it can happen. The soil is under cultivation but that is only 1/4 of the soil. About 25% of the land/islands are covered in forests, about a decade ago the land was covered with forests and that look up 40% of the land but now with deforestation and making room for homes for people to live in the numbers have decreased dramatically. The climate is usually humid and tropical because the islands are more exposed to sun and they are surrounded by the sea. Some of the highlands near Baguio have a mild climate, less humidity than on the coast. The rainy season is from June to October while the typhoon season is more expected around June to November. Typhoons can happen during any time or season but are more likely/frequent from June to November. Philippines are located in the typhoon belt they are more frequent there than other places.

Gender Roles/Culture

In the Philippines the people are very friendly and help out one another when needed, but they have gender roles. Gender roles are stereotypical things like the man hunts while the woman cleans. Some people agree with gender roles while some don't. In the Philippines some think they are needed while the others think differently. For their gender roles the men make all the major decisions in the family, it is their "responsibility". The women play the significant roles, most of the women may work over seas or outside of the house. In rural areas the women help the men in the rice fields, also the women take care of the children while also managing the household the family finances. Most of the wealthy families hire nanny's and maids to do the housework and watch the children. Now, the Philippines are more modernized so that is letting the women finish school and get advanced education and develop better careers. Women also are less likely to follow the gender roles and you don't have to anymore, it is an option on how you live. Also, when a women finds something she wants, like a job, she gets very competitive for it, like if they want a certain job they are going for it and they will get very competitive for it.


In the Philippines the average family has four children when they live in a more rural area, families that live in urban areas are smaller than families that live in rural areas. The families are strong, they stick together, when the children are older and married. When one family member is in need with financial things or job problems you help one another. You help each other find the right career and good job opportunities. Even when they are having troubles with trying to have a better life or taking care and caring for their children, your family is always there to help you. You can rely on your family to be there for you when you need them. When a single or both parents work over seas and aren't able to take care of the child, the child goes and lives with a relative, most likely their grandparents. Children are expected to finish their education and studies to become successful in life, when the children become adults they are expected to help out their parents. Some children live with their parents when they are adults and married. Children are well disciplined when needed. When your mother give you advice, you take it very seriously, never take your mothers advice for granted.


The Philippines main food/most common food is rice. Rice is either served by itself, in dessert, or in many other ways. A type of dish that rice is in is suman, it is a sweet rice cake. A main source of protein is fish and when it is served it is usually served with a vegetable and tropical fruits. A very common dish is boiled rice, fried fish, a vegetable, and a fruit for dessert. Often for breakfast is fruit. Some favorite meats are pork, beef, and chicken, at restaurants and resorts they usually have fish as a common food, and for large celebrations they serve lechon which is a very common meal which is a stuffed pig roasted by a charcoal fire. When a meat is served it is usually served on a skewers and most of the time roasted. A type of stew they eat is kare-kare which contains meats and vegetables and served in a peanut sauce. Another stew they eat is adobo, which is chicken and pork in garlic and soy sauce with vinegar. A very common spice is garlic that they put in most foods. Balot is a fertilized duck egg with an embryo, street vendors usually sell it. A favorite snack is called halo-halo which is made from sweetended beans, milk, and fruits served in colorful layers with crushed ice, another snack is usually deep fried served with beer, like pork rinds but it also might be a goat or dog meat.


Works Cited

Flag of the Philippines. Digital image. Wikimedia. 20 Jan. 2015. Web. 16 May 2016.

"Philippines." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 5 May 2016.

"Philippines: Diet." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 12 May 2016.

"Philippines: Family." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 6 May 2016.

"Philippines: Government." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 6 May 2016.

"Philippines: Holidays." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 11 May 2016.

"Philippines: Housing." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 10 May 2016.

"Philippines: Land and Climate." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 6 May 2016.

"Philippines: Population." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 10 May 2016.

"Philippines." CIA World Factbook. 9 May 2016. Web. 16 May 2016.

Side Note

I feel like i didn't get enough time to complete my project as well as i could make it and if you could possibly extend the time into tomorrow that would be appriciated.