Pediatric First Aid


Checking an Injured or Ill Child or Infant

Check for responsiveness

Tap the shoulder and shout, “Are you OK?” For an infant, you may flick the bottom of the foot.

Call 911

If no response, CALL 9-1-1 or the local emergency number. If an unconscious child or infant is face-down, roll face-up, supporting the head, neck and back in a straight line. If ALONE—Give about 2 minutes of CARE, then CALL 9-1-1. If the child or infant responds, CALL 9-1-1 or the local emergency number for any life-threatening conditions and obtain consent to give CARE. CHECK the child from head to toe and ask questions to find out what happened.

Open the Airway

Tilt head back slightly, lift chin.

Check for Breathing

CHECK quickly for no more than 10 seconds. Occasional gasps are not breathing. Infants have periodic breathing, so changes in breathing pattern are normal for infants.

Give Two Rescue Breaths

If no breathing, give 2 rescue breaths. Tilt the head back and lift the chin up. Child: Pinch the nose shut, then make a complete seal over child’s mouth. Infant: Make complete seal over infant’s mouth and nose. Blow in for about 1 second to make the chest clearly rise. Give rescue breaths, one after the other.

Quickly Scan for Severe Breathing