Pediatric First Aid
Checking an Injured or Ill Child or Infant
If no response, CALL 9-1-1 or the local emergency number. If an unconscious child or infant is face-down, roll face-up, supporting the head, neck and back in a straight line. If ALONE—Give about 2 minutes of CARE, then CALL 9-1-1. If the child or infant responds, CALL 9-1-1 or the local emergency number for any life-threatening conditions and obtain consent to give CARE. CHECK the child from head to toe and ask questions to find out what happened.
Open the Airway
Tilt head back slightly, lift chin.
Give Two Rescue Breaths
If no breathing, give 2 rescue breaths. Tilt the head back and lift the chin up. Child: Pinch the nose shut, then make a complete seal over child’s mouth. Infant: Make complete seal over infant’s mouth and nose. Blow in for about 1 second to make the chest clearly rise. Give rescue breaths, one after the other.