The US Bulletin

Kyle Kirchner, Editor-in-Chief

Japan Refuses To Trade!

Tokyo Bay, Japan - Ever since Japan gained control of Taiwan from China in 1895, they have been expected to trade with outside nations. However, Japan selfishly refused to trade with outside nations, maintaining their policy of isolationism. Finally, in 1853, the President of the United States Millard Fillmore sent a fleet of four ships into Tokyo Bay on a mission: To pressure Japan to trade with outside nations, which is only fair to the rest of the world. The steamships intimidated the Japanese, who realized that the United States navy outclassed their own badly. However, Japan still did not want to trade with the rest of the world! Eventually, Japan realized that it was in their best interests to open its ports with the rest of the world. Japan only did this so that they could build up a strong military in hopes of gaining control of more land from China or Korea to use for its own selfish purposes. However, Russia also wanted to gain control of these foreign lands, so this rivalry provoked the Russo-Japanese war in 1904. President Roosevelt helped negotiate the Treaty of Portsmouth between the two warring nations, but he was still aware that Japan was still interested in increasing its control over foreign lands. Because of this, in 1907, our great President Roosevelt authorized four squadrons of battleships on a 43,000 mile journey around the world. This was done to show the whole world the extent of the United States' military strength and was called The Great White Fleet, discouraging Japan from causing any other silly disputes in Eastern Asia.

Goodbye Alcohol!

Washington DC, January 16, 1919 - Today, I, Congressman Kirchner, am voting in favor of the 18th amendment to our constitution. This new amendment is banning the sale, production, and consumption of alcohol. I am acting as the Woodsman in this political cartoon, ignoring the pleas of alcohol-lovers, instead choosing to do what is best for this country. When this amendment is passed, this will be the start of a progressive reform in our society. The term progressive means developing gradually or occurring little by little. This reform will progressively make our society better for everyone, especially women. Without legalized alcohol, men will not be getting drunk at bars and saloons, therefore making family life much safer for wives and children. With everyone sober all the time, our police force will no longer have to worry about alcohol provoked issues, allowing them to spend their time and our tax dollars on more important issues. The ratification of the 18th amendment later today will be a turning point for our nation, progressively making the United States a better place to call home.

The Truth, The Whole Truth

NYC, New York- Welcome to the Gilded Age! Job opportunities are popping up at every corner in factories everywhere! These new factory jobs are so much better than farming! You no longer have to work outside, sweating in the hot sun in the fields. You can now work inside a nice, air-conditioned factory with frequent breaks and great pay. Well, at least that's what they want you to think.


It turns out, the Gilded Age isn't all that it's cracked up to be. The term gilded means covering something up to hide its true identity. An example of gilded is a large, beautifully wrapped gift that ends up being a disappointment. For some industrial tycoons, such as Rockefeller and Carnegie, saw the gilded age as a beautiful wrapped gift. These tycoons became incredibly rich at the expense of the workers, who faced extreme horrors and injustices.


During the Gilded Age, the average worker worked 10-18 hours a day, 6 hours a week, on very low wage. Working conditions were hazardous, and it was not unusual to see many injuries or deaths in the average workday. Women and children were employed in factories so that they could put their hands in small spaces to fix machinery, often resulting in horrible injuries. Workers were also exposed to hazardous chemicals, and the air quality inside these sweatshops was very poor. There were no regulations on the workplace, and workers were put in harm's way everyday at their own expense, making capitalists such as Rockefeller filthy rich. When someone was injured at work, it was not uncommon for them to be terminated and replaced immediately, with absolutely no worker's compensation.


On March 25, 1911, a fire broke out on the 9th floor at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory. Due to unsafe working conditions and lack of safety regulations, this fire became a tragedy, resulting in the death of 146 workers. This is just one example of a horrible injustice workers faced during the Gilded Age. Many strikes were organized by workers, such as the Pullman Strike. However, these strikes were ineffective and resulted in the firing and blacklisting of workers.

wwi propaganda

Washington, DC - You can support our troops and contribute to the war effort here at home! Our soldiers are overseas fighting the war in Europe, protecting us. We can ensure that our soldiers are healthy and well fed by conserving food here at home! Do your part by skipping the buffet, planting a victory garden, and taking part in Meatless Mondays. You aren't fighting our enemies overseas, so you need to fight the urge to pick up another piece of chicken!

Classifieds

FOR SALE - Who doesn't want a radio? Crystal clear baseball games or the newest jazz music right in your living room! $150.


FOR SALE - The Graham Bell Telephone. You can now talk to your neighbor without even stepping outside! $19.99. Sears, Dollar General.


Wanted - Gardening tools for my victory garden. Looking for a hoe, shovel, and some fertilizer. 1776 Victory Lane.


Wanted - Camera capable of producing a flash. Want to show the living conditions in city tenements. 3000 Wall St NYC.


Services - Don't dream of victory, fight for it! All persons capable of buying liberty bonds. 25 cents at your grocery store.


Services - Indoor plumbing available for installment today. Get rid of that outhouse! $35 for a toilet and tub.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated!

Sarajevo, Bosnia June 28, 1914 - Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, has been assassinated today with his wife Sophie while touring Sarajevo, Bosnia. Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were assassinated today after their car took a wrong turn down a back alley of Sarajevo. The assassin has been identified as 19-year-old Gavrilo Princip, who was detained by police shortly after firing the fatal shot. Franz and Sophie were rushed to the hospital, where both were pronounced dead within the hour. Austria-Hungary has already accused the Serbian government for the tragedy, increasing the tension between these two countries and all of Europe. An event like this could potential set off a chain reaction of hostilities in Europe, potentially leading to war in Europe. An event like this could be the start of a chain reaction of hostilities in Europe, potentially leading to war in Europe.

a technology dinosaur: the radio

Pictured above is one of the first radios available to consumers in the 1920s. A radio cost about $150 in the 1920s, which was quite a large purchase at the time. Installment buying was often used for these large purchases, which was basically borrowing money. Families would gather around radios at night to listen to their favorite baseball team, or their favorite music. Jazz music became very popular in the 1920s, and found its way into almost every American home by means of the radio.

Knockout!

During the 1920s, many sports heroes entered the national spotlight. Among these heroes were Babe Ruth, Jim Thorpe, and Bobby Jones. Perhaps the greatest of all was Jack Dempsey, a famed boxing heavyweight champion.


Jack Dempsey was born on June 24, 1895. At age 17, Jack decided to pursue his professional boxing dream and traveled from town to town, boxing in each and slowly becoming more well known. By 1917, Jack had earned a reputation for himself and began to fight in bigger, much more meaningful fights.


On July 4th, 1919, Jack had his first big opportunity, a match against Jess Willard, the heavyweight champion at the time. Jess Willard weighed in at 245 pounds and stood 6' 6", much larger than Dempsey, who was 6' 1'' and weighed 187 pounds. Dempsey defeated Willard in the 3rd round, making Jack Dempsey the world heavyweight champion.


Jack Dempsey remained the heavyweight champion for the next 6 years, until he was defeated by Gene Tunney in front of a record crowd. Dempsey and Tunney fought again the next year, 1927, but after Tunney defeated Dempsey a 2nd time Jack retired from his boxing career. Jack was inducted into the Boxing Hall of Fame in the year of 1954, and is still considered one of the greatest boxers of all time.

"The States" Historical Forecast

The Gilded Age

North Carolina (NC)

Capital: Raleigh

Nickname: "The Tar Heel State"


Kitty Hawk, NC 1903 - Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first successful flight in an airplane today. The brothers have come a long way from selling bicycles, setting records with their 852 feet, 59 second flight over the plains of North Carolina.

Progressive Era

Texas (TX)

Capital: Austin

Nickname: "The Lone Star State"

Abilene, Kansas 1867 - A cattle depot has been built in Abilene, Kansas this year and the cows just keep comin'! Cowboys herd these cattle up from Texas on the Chisholm Trail to here in Kansas, where we send 'em off to the cities on the Union Pacific Railway. The Chisholm Trail was named after Jesse Chisholm, who marked the trail for his wagons in 1864.

WWI

Oregon (OR)

Capital: Salem

Nickname: "The Beaver State"


Crater Lake is the 7th deepest lake in the world, and it is found in Oregon. Teddy Roosevelt protected this lake by creating Crater Lake National Park, the first of five national parks protected by Teddy Roosevelt. Oregon is also home to 5 active volcanoes, including Mt. Hood, which stands nearly 2 miles above sea level, and last erupted in 1866.

Roaring 20s

Arizona (AZ)

Capital: Phoenix

Nickname: "The Grand Canyon State"


The Grand Canyon, one of the 7 wonders of the natural world, is a tourist destination for 5 million people every year. The canyon is 15 miles wide at its largest point and averages to be about 1 mile deep. The grand canyon was formed by the Colorado river eroding the rock over millions of years.