"The Black Headed People"
What Sumerian's are Known For/Personal Bio
-Started creating cities
-Specialized, cooperated, and made advances in technology
-Made the wheel, plow, and writing (cuneiform=wedged-shaped marks on tablets)
-Created levees (ridge to stop flooding)
-Believed in same gods and goddesses
~Had ziggurats (pyramid-shape building with temple on top, devoted to Sumerian deity)
"Now, I swear by the sun god Utu on this very day -- and my younger brothers shall be witness of it in foreign lands where the sons of Sumer are not known, where people do not have the use of paved roads, where they have no access to the written word -- that I, the firstborn son, am a fashioner of words, a composer of songs, a composer of words, and that they will recite my songs as heavenly writings, and that they will bow down before my words......"
King Shulgi (c. 2100 BC) on the future of Sumerian literature.
-About 5000 years ago, the Sumerian's, one of the earliest urban societies, were beginning to emerge in the world (Southern Mesopotamia)