Generally cooler and wetter than nearby lowlands!

Climate Location

  • Latitude Range: found all over the world
  • Global Position: Rocky Mountain Range in North America, the Andean mountain range in South America, the Alps in Europe, Mt. Kilimanjaro in Africa, the Himalayans in Tibet, Mt. Fuji in Japan.

Yearly Precipitation

  • Altitude also tends to increase precipitation, at least for the first 4,000 meters.
  • Mountains can have other effects on the wind climate; valleys can increase wind speeds by “funneling” regional flows and may generate mesoscale mountain- and valley-wind circulations as well.
  • Mountains can act as barriers to the movement of air masses, can cause differences in precipitation amounts between windward and leeward slopes.
  • Cold air also may drain from higher elevations to create “frost pockets” in low-lying valleys.
  • Average Annual Precipitation: 23 cm (9 in.)

Seasons and Temperature Range

  • Temperature Range: -18 °C to 10 °C (-2 °F to 50°F)
  • Over time it can be seen that the variation in weather parameters tend to vary within certain limits, or in a predictable way from season to season.

  • Over long period of time climate slowly changes in response to lots of factors.

Factors Affecting Climate

  • Elevation
  • Latitude
  • High Altitudes
  • Drier than the Lowlands
  • Size of the Mountain