Comprehension, Vocabulary and Content Areas
Grades 3-8 and English Language Learners (ELL)
This strategy is a prereading activity that helps familiarize students with vocabulary in the text. This strategy also helps students to make connections to their background knowledge.
2. Look over the word list: Have the students work together in partners or small groups to decide which words relate to the topc of the text and which words do not relate to the topic of the text. Then have the students circle the words they don't think are related to the topic. Additionally, you could have students make a t-chart and place the words that do fit on one side and the words that don't fit the topic on another. (Modification for ELL students) The teacher could help the students to understand the vocabulary words and the pictures. This could help students to understand the vocabulary words and help them to identify which words fit within the category.
3. Read the text: Students will read the text and notice the words in the exclusion brainstorming activity.
4. Review the List: Hve students review their word list and make connections to the reading. Then have them put check marks next to the related words and cross out the unrelated words on their word list.
Benefits for Teachers
Benefits for Students
How to Use This Strategy
Social Studies Exclusion Brainstorming
CCSS ELA Standards
- Students draw on information from background knolwedge and multiple print and digital sources.
- Students determine the meaning of academic vocabulary in grade-appropriate texts.
KFCS: ELL and Migrant. (2015). ELL Presentation: SIOP Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocal. In Exclusion Brainstorming. Retrieved from
Laurah J. (2015, August 27). Strategy of the Week: Exclusion Brainstorming. [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://esolodyssey.learningwithlaurahj.org/2015/08/strategy-of-week-exclusion-brainstorming.html
Magers, C. (2013, January 27). Wilson's Creek Staff Blog: Exclusion Brainstorming. Retrieved from http://wilsonscreekdreamteam.blogspot.com/2013/01/exclusion-brainstorming.html
Tompkins, G.E. (2004). 50 literacy strategies: Step by step. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson/Merill/Prentice Hall