The Temperate Biome

Andrew and Brett

Biome Location

The Temperate (Deciduous) biome is located in eastern United States, Canada, Europe, China, and Japan. What defines a temperate zone is an area that goes through four distinct seasons.

Organism Adaptations

Some organisms that have adapted include White tailed deer, Skunk, mice, Black bear, Red fox, red tailed hawk, chipmunks, opossum, and squirrel. The Organisms in this biome that hibernate in colder months and live off the land in the warmer seasons include the Black bear. Organisms adapt to look like their surroundings, usually a shade of brown to match ground cover. The other organisms listed above are the animals that blend into their surroundings. Plants absorb a great deal of nutrients from the rich soil and lean towards sunlight. Plants in this biome lose and regrow their leaves each year. Animals in this biome depend greatly on plants for food, and must hibernate when the plants lose their vegetation.

Dominant Vegetation

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The dominant vegetation found in this biome includes moss, lichen, ferns, maple trees, birch trees, and magnolia trees. Vegetation is split up into 5 different zones. The Tree Stratum Zone contains the tops of large trees, typically 18 meters to 30 meters up from the ground. The Sapling Zone contains young and/or short trees. The Shrub Zone contains bushes and other small vegetation that is up to a couple of feet tall. The Herb Zone contains plants that are just above the ground, like grasses and other short plants, such as herbs. Finally, the ground zone contains mosses and lichens, plants that cover and hug the ground.

Meteorological Elements

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The temperature in a deciduous biome ranges from -30 to 30 degrees Celsius. Precipitation falls from 750cm to 1500cm every year. The defining quality of temperate forests is that they go through four distinct seasons every year. The plants go through different phases in each season to adapt to the changing weather.

Abiotic Factors

Other abiotic factors in this biome include rocks, soil, water, air, sunlight, wind, temperature and plant litter.

Created by

Brett Porter and Andrew Friedland

Work Cited


Deciduous Forest Biome. (n.d.). Retrieved May 16, 2016, from http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_forest.htm



Eastern Deciduous Forests: The Magnificent Forests of Appalachia. (n.d.). Retrieved May 16, 2016, from http://animals.about.com/od/forest/p/deciduousforest.htm




Northeast Asian Decidous Forest. (n.d.). Retrieved May 16, 2016, from http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/ne_asian_decid_forest.htm




Temperate Deciduous Forest : Mission: Biomes. (n.d.). Retrieved May 16, 2016, from http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Experiments/Biome/biotemperate.php




Temperate Deciduous Forest : Mission: Biomes. (n.d.). Retrieved May 16, 2016, from http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Experiments/Biome/biotemperate.php




Deciduous Forest Biome. (n.d.). Retrieved May 16, 2016, from http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_forest.htm




Northeast Asian Decidous Forest. (n.d.). Retrieved May 16, 2016, from http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/ne_asian_decid_forest.htm