Extinction

By: Alysha Law, Period 2

Introduction

Earth is a MARVELOUS place, or it was anyway. Lately, the Earth has been on a downward spiral, due to the many much neglect, which has led to:
  • Earthquakes
  • Global Warming
  • and Natural Disasters
And because of these negative outcomes, animals are becoming endangered, or worse, extinct. The worst part is, these negative effects are being caused by us. Humans have been altering the way the Earth is for their benefit, causing things to change for the worse.

Animals in Danger

Some animals that are becoming extinct are:

  • Giant Panda
  • Snow Leopards
  • Javan Rhinos
  • Polar Bear
  • Peacock
  • Rothschild Giraffe
  • Whale Sharks
  • Red Panda
  • Savanna Elephants
  • African Wild Dog
  • South China Tiger
  • Vaquita
  • Sumatran Orangutan

Causes of Animal endangerment:

Pollution

The sealife is being attacked by polluted seas and/or oceans. The marine life is engulfed by trash and plastics sometimes choking the turtles, otters, dolphins etc. in the ocean. The waste in a body of water could get into the stomachs of the animals living in it causing them to produce diseases like cancer, liver disease, and/or digestive problems, for themselves. Pollution is killing animals above air by having factories that produce tons of natural gases into the air polluting it, cars and trucks give off natural gases polluting the air as well. And so does burning our nonrenewable resources (fossil fuels). All the grossness in the air is getting into the humans and the animals lungs causing many diseases and respiratory infections to be happening inside the body. Too much pollution can lead to Eutrophication. Eutrophication is a condition of the water when it gets too polluted and large amounts of algae appear on the surface of the water and overcrowding the body of water and killing the animals in the body of water. Overcrowding happens because the algae will compete for sunlight and eventually the whole body of water is covered. But, there are companies helping prevent pollution like:

World Wildlife Fund for Nature

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Global Warming

Global Warming is one the most known problems today. Global warming is basically the rising of the earth's temperature which means things that things that are cool are getting warmer. One way Global Warming affects animals is by ruining their habitat. I.E. Global Warming is causing the ice caps to melt meaning that polar bears are getting stuck on them and not being to go back home. It is also causes droughts making it very hard for the animals to get resources. And without water animals can't drink water and provide for their young making them have to move elsewhere to find water. But what will happen when they run out of places to go.

Deforestation

Deforestation happens mainly for money reasons, big companies need wood to make their "BIG" products or people trying to make room for their new home and or land. Due to Deforestation the forest only takes up 30% of the globe. At the rate they are cutting the trees at their will be no forest in the next 100 years (that's a very short time). What people aren't understanding is that there are families and homes in those trees and in those families and homes there are animals that need shelter from bad things just like we do. But sadly, we don't think about that. All we think about is the profit we get out of it. Not all Deforestation is humans fault, Deforestation can happen by wildfires or natural disasters. But anyway, what happens to the animals that live in the trees is that they run away to a different location to find a new shelter for themselves. But they can only look so far before they can find anything making it harder for them to survive. There are organizations to help keep as many forests like:

World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF)

Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)

International Conservation Union (IUCN)

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Illegal Hunting

Illegal Hunting aka Poaching is the capturing or killing of wild animals. People do illegal hunting because it makes them good money meanwhile amazing wild animals are going extinct because they are being killed off.

First example, seals are being shot at beaten so that humans can use their skin and bones for products for themselves. Second example, Sumatran Tigers are being hunted down for their skin, teeth, bones, and claws for at least $5,000 per body part. ( Animal parts are expensive, Elephant tusks are up to 10,000 a pair) .They shoot the tiger with a tranquilizer dart and capture it then they dissect the body for it's valuable parts then they toss the unused pieces like garbage. 100 years ago there was at least 10,000 Sumatran Tigers now there are less than 450 Sumatran tigers left. There are companies that help with poaching and trying to make as much animals saved as possible. The companies are:

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)

The World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF)

and The International Anti-Poaching Foundation (IAPF)

Oil Spills

Oil Spills mainly happen in water based ecosystems. Oil spills happen when oil boats that take oil from country to country leak oil into the ocean. Countries mainly use oil spills as a war tactic, they pour gallons of oil into the ocean to blind to other countries submarines making it easier to attack. But meanwhile they country is attacking, animals are being suffocated underneath it all. Oil actually can destroy the insulating ability on furry animals such as Otters and Birds causing them to die from being cold. And it can also cause them to die from poisoning because the animal will feel the uncomfortable oil on its skin and want to take it off by using its mouth causing oil to get into the mouth of the animal, making the animal digest the poison. Turtles, Dolphins, and fish can have vision problems from looking in oil to find a way out of it. But out of all the bad people are still trying to do good. Their are companies trying to help prevent oil spills like:

Oil Spill Response Organizations (OSROs)

The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation, and Enforcement (BOEMRE)

That help clean up oil spills and try to prevent oil spills.

Cites

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/search?q=endangered+species

http://www.livescience.com/22728-pollution-facts.html

http://www.livescience.com/topics/global-warming/

https://www.nrdc.org/stories/global-warming-101

https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/directory?direction=desc&sort=extinction_status

http://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/pollution

http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/oil-spills/how-oil-harms-animals-and-plants-marine-environments.html

http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/

http://www.brighthub.com/environment/science-environmental/articles/49616.aspx

http://www.endangered.org/10-easy-things-you-can-do-to-save-endangered-species/

http://www.cleanerandgreener.org/resources/air-pollution.html

http://www.nwf.org/Wildlife/Threats-to-Wildlife/Global-Warming/Effects-on-Wildlife-and-Habitat.aspx

http://www.treehugger.com/slideshows/endangered-species/giraffes-horses-squirrels-20-animals-you-didnt-know-are-going-extinct/page/3/#slide-top

http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/directory?page=2&sort=extinction_status

http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/deforestation-overview/

http://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/illegal-wildlife-trade

http://www.onegreenplanet.org/animalsandnature/the-devastating-effects-of-wildlife-poaching/

http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/oilimpacts.html

http://www.energytomorrow.org/environment-and-safety/oil-spill-prevention-and-response

http://www.bluevoice.org/news_issueseffects.php