Dwyer, Atkinson, Woodward, Baker
Broad category of mining in which soil and overlying the mineral deposit are removed.
Strip Surface Mining
Obtaining ore and coal by open-pit mining
A surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the Earth by removal from an open pit.
Mountain Top Removal
Form of surface mining that involves the summit or summit ridge of a mountain.
Sub-surface mining consists of digging tunnels or shafts into the earth to reach buried ore deposits.
Slope mining is a method of accessing valuable geological materials such as coal, or ore.
The mining of an ore deposit by underground methods or the working of coal seams accessed by adits driven into the surface outcrop of the coal bed.