Estonia

All about Estonia

What the flier is about

Estonia is a country in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia, and to the east of Russia. The capital of this country is Tallinn and it currency is the Euro. Its government is the parlimentary republic.

Geography of Estonia

The climate in Estonia is wet, with average temperatures in winter and cool summers. Forests cover 47% of their land. This country covers 45,000 km2 and 9,000 km2 of their land is arable. They usually get an average 22 inches of water a year. The temperature is about 60ºF in the summer and in the twenties in the winter. The majority of Estonia is woods. Estonia has many bogs (low swampy lands) and only 14% of Estonia's land is arable.

Estonia's Government

Estonia has a parliamentary republic. A parliamentary republic is a parlimentary government, that also has a president as head of state. This government is limited. also, Estonia is part of the United Nations. Currently the president is Toomas Hendrik Ilves. The prime minster is Taavi Roivas. the capital is Tallinn. talinn is on the northern side Estonia near the gulf of Finland. Tallin is also the largest city of Estonia. Right now Estonia has almost no problems with governments around the world.

Estonias Economics

Estonia uses Euros as their currency. Right now, one Euro is equal to one dollar and thirty eight cents. The dutch imports goods from Estonia including food, consumer goods, and electricity. In Estonia's economic freedoms, it scores 75. compared to the other countries around it, it is higher than average (60). The GDP per capita was 16,316.46. Estonia is more wealthy than the USA.

Estonias social and ethnic groups

In Estonia there are four major ethnic groups: The Estonians, the Russians, the Ukrainians and the Finns. The education system in Estonia is based on four levels which include the pre-school, basic, secondary and higher education. In estonia schooling systoms have nine grades;1st grade: 7–8 years, 2nd grade: 8–9 years, 3rd grade: 9–10 years, 4th grade: 10–11 years, 5th grade: 11–12 years, 6th grade: 12–13 years, 7th grade: 13–14 years, 8th grade: 14–15 years and 9th grade: 15–16 years. Basic schools (1-9th grade) are payed with a budget from the local government. Also they have hobby education, which is an area of work that provides young people with knowledge and skills outside formal education. The literacy rate in Estonia is 99.8. Everyone over 15 can read and write (2011). In Estonia, it seams that everyone has the same rights as The USA. woman have the same rights as men and so do children.

Estonias religion language and flag.

Estonian is the main language of Estonia. Currently 1.1 million out of the 1.34 million people speak this language. Other languages include Russian, German, and Swedish. 54% of people in Estonia are non-Religious and another 17% is undeclared. Orthodox Christians and Lutheran Christians are the most common religion. The flag is three colored bands. The higher band is blue, the middle black and the lower white. what the colors stand for are: blue: blue sky above the land; black: The soil of the land as well as the fate of Estonians – for centuries black with worries; white: purity, hard work, and commitment. The flag became the consecrated on 4th of June, 1884. But it didn't actually become the flag of Estonia until 1989.
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Estonia's Hollidays/Festivals

May Day is a holiday on May first. it is also a spring holiday in many cultures. May Day is on the same day as International workers day. During may day there is a parade. people in the parade wear nicer clothes like colorful or white skirts or shirts, but the people outside the parade, or the people watching the parade wear normal or casual cloths, like an American would wear to school.
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