Prosthetic Eye /Removal of the Eye

Health Project 2015-2016 By: Courtney Goodwin

Vocabulary

Prosthesis: An artificial device to replace a missing part of the body.

Implant: Something that is implanted into the tissue.

Ophthalmology: A branch of medical science dealing with structure, functions, and diseases of the eye.

Ophthalmologist: A physician that specializes in ophthalmology.

Body System that is Affected

The eye is the body part that is affected, the nervous system. I got a prosthetic eye (which is a plastic shield to replace the part of the eye you see) after I had the Enucleation surgery which means my eye was removed but the muscles and other contents stayed intact, most people when they get this surgery get an implant to replace the eye. In similar situations it could be the Evisceration surgery which is the removal of the iris and the cornea, leaving everything else behind. The final possible surgery is Exenteration, when you remove the entire eye, eye lids, muscles and so forth.

The way the human eye works

Our eyes work like a camera. We will go from the outside in, so lets start with the cornea.

The cornea is the clear window in the front of the eye that covers the iris and pupil. And the sclera is the white part of the eye that protects the eye. The pupil is a hole in the eye that light enters through to go into the clear lens. By the pupil is the iris, the iris is the colored part of the eye that surrounds the pupil, it controls how much light enters through the pupil. The clear lens that is behind the pupil is the part that focuses light onto the retina. The retina is a light-sensitive inner lining at the back of the eye, it is ten different layers of cells that work together in the retina to detect light and turn it into electrical impulses. The cells that are in the retina are the photoreceptors, the cones and the rods. The cones are located in the center of the retina, they help see color and details, and the rods are located in the outer part of the retina, they let us see poor lighting which gives us our night vision.

Target Population

There in no one too specific who can lose an eye and get a prosthetic, it can be either gender, and race doesn't matter. People who are a older can lose and eye by poor eye sight or you can develop a cancer sometime in your life which could cause the need to possibly remove the eye. Some are born with a disease that clouds the eye called glaucoma, or such as myself you can be severally injured causing your ophthalmologist to decide if they need to remove the eye.

Statistics

Big image

Onset

There are many different ways that this can occur, you could be born half blind, you can develop blindness from cancer or disease over time, or you can have an injury sometime in your life. Most accidents occur at work, from falling items or items flying through the air.The way I got my prosthetic eye was from an injury. The doctor will need to decide if the eye is damaged enough that it needs to be removed. This decision is based on the risk of the other eye getting infected, whether that person could possibly see out of their eye again, or lingering pain in the injured eye.

Diagnosis

If the eye is damaged badly enough or there is a disease then the doctor may consider what type of surgery will be needed. My diagnosis was getting my eye removed, that was the only treatment I could have got in my situation. I also got an implant to replace the eye once the eye was removed, which would later lead to making and wearing a prosthetic eye.

Pictures with the Prosthetic and the Eye

Signs and Symptoms

If you are born with a disease, then the eye will look clouded and white; that is a sign that there the baby may be blind in that eye. Or the eye doctor will look at your eye and see how badly damaged it is then decide what type of surgery that person will need. If you lose your eye it is a good indicator that you will get/need a prosthetic eye in the future to act as the missing eye.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment. To remove the eye is the best treatment with people in my situation, then to get the prosthetic to act as the visual eye.
How its Made Artificial Eyes

Prognosis

You cannot die from getting a prosthetic or getting your eye removed. The only chance of possibly passing away is if the orb, skin or other contents gets an infection bad enough that it spreads behind the prosthetic to the orb and spreads throughout the body.

My Story (Connections)

I have this condition myself and that is what intrigued me to do this for my project. I will share my story of what happened to me. It was when I was nine years old, I was messing around with exercise bands and ended up having one of them snap back into my eye. My ophthalmologist told my parents what happened, she said it was like a grape being squished and having the insides pour out. After having a very hard time I finally made it to the New London hospital, I then rode in an ambulance to the Dartmouth hospital. I received emergency surgery to repair the eye. I came out of surgery and stayed in the hospital for a week; it was the longest and worst week of my life. I slept through most of it though. After healing from my emergency surgery the doctor decided I needed an to have my eye taken out. I went in for my second surgery, it was the big one. That is when my doctor performed the Enucleation on me. I had my eye removed and the implant got implanted into my eye socket. After a couple days I was released and stayed a good while out of school and it took me over a year to recover fully. I had two more surgeries between then and fifth grade; the surgeries were to repair problems from the initial surgery. I have lived with this for five years and I'm going to be living with this for the rest of my life, unless in the future they are somehow are able to create a human eye again that me and others like me will be able to see out of again.

Works Cited

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"C0111673 Close up of Artificial Eye. How to Make an Eye [stills]." Flickr. Yahoo! Web. 15 Jan. 2016.

"File:Schematic Diagram of the Human Eye En.svg." - Wikimedia Commons. Web. 19 Jan. 2016.

"HCUP-US Home Page." HCUP-US Home Page. Web. 27 Jan. 2016.

"How Its Made Artificial Eyes." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 14 Jan. 2016.

"How the Human Eye Works | Cornea Layers/Role | Light Rays." NKCF. Web. 11 Jan. 2016.

"Human Eye Conditions." Anatomy of Human Eye. Web. 11 Jan. 2016.

"Lost Eye." Lost Eye. Web. 13 Jan. 2016.

The New Book of Popular Science. Danbury, CT: Grolier, 1990. Print.

"OSHA Fact Sheet: Eye Protection in the Workplace." OSHA Fact Sheet: Eye Protection in the Workplace. Web. 15 Jan. 2016.

"The Operation: Eye Enucleation, Fitting of the Orbital Implant and Conformer Shell." Artificial Eyes Ocularist Network. Web. 11 Jan. 2016.

Webster's Medical Desk Dictionary. Springfield, MA, U.S.A.: Merriam-Webster, 1986. Print.

"Welcome Fellow Ocularists." Welcome Fellow Ocularists. Web. 15 Jan. 2016.

Williams, Tate. "The Prosthetic Eyeball Is a Work of Art." The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 21 Dec. 2015. Web. 11 Jan. 2016.

"Easel.ly | Create and Share Visual Ideas Online." Easel.ly | Create and Share Visual Ideas Online. Web. 27 Jan. 2016.