THE ANCIENT TIMES

Slave Dynasty

Qutub-ud-din Aibak(1206-1210 AD)

Qutub-ud-din Aibak was the first ruler of Slave Dynasty. He was the slave of Mohammed Ghori.He was succeeded by Iltutmish.He was also known as lakh-baksh (giver of lakhs).He started constructing Qutub Minar in the memory of Khwaji Bakhtiyar Kaki but could not finish it.He was the first ruler who laid the foundation of Delhi Sultanate.

Iltutmish (1210-1236 AD)

Iltutmish was the successor of Qutub-ud-din Aibak.Delhi Sultanate was established during his reign.He made Delhi the capital.Qutub Minar was completed by him.The attacks of Genghiz Khan and Mongol horders were the real threats for Iltutmish.He introduced many reforms like Iqta system, Tanka (silver coins) ,Jital (copper coins) .

Iltutmish died in 1236 AD.His daughter Raziya Sultana was nominated as the successor because his sons were not capable of administrative duty.The nobles of the court didnot accept Raziya as the successor as she was a woman.They went against Iltutmish's last wish and made the eldest surviving son Rukh-ud-din Feroz Shah king.

Raziya Sultana (1236-1240 AD)

Raziya was the only Muslim woman ruler of Delhi Sultanate.She had to face many difficulties and rebellions from the nobels.She led many army in wars and was a courageous fighter.She was one of the intrepid soldiers.In her four year rule she established law and order in her kingdom.The conspirators plotted against her and she was killed in the battle.

Ghiyas-ud-din Balban (1266-1287 AD)

Baha-ud-din was the original name of Balban.He defended his empire from Mongol invasion.He became more powerful after he gained the support of the sultans.He controlled the administration of Nasir-ud-din.He broke the nobility of the Turks. His rule was based on Persian style.He introduced the court traditions like Sijdah and Paibos.Balban died in1287 AD.After his death,all his successors became inefficient and weak.Hence,the Slave Dynasty came to an end.

DONE BY PRITHVI RAJ ;Class:7-O