Justice is subjective & sometimes unjust

What is Justice?

Justice is the process or result of using laws to fairly judge and punish crimes and criminals. It can also be defined as the maintenance or administration of what is especially by the impartial adjustment of conflicting claims or the assignment of merited rewards or punishments.

The Essential Question

In what ways does the United States Courts System dispense justice?

Justice in The Crucible

God who was ultimate judge

The court system: Danforth, Hawthorne, Hale, and Parris

The guilty were put to death

John Proctor

-No justice on earth

-Justice for himself, his family, and his name

-His final decision brings a stop to the court

-Justice for those who have died

Justice in the Modern Society

4 types of punishment:

1. Retribution

2. Deterrence

3. Rehabilitation

4. Societal protection (aka incapacitation)

  • Just, unjust? Advantages, disadvantages?

Timothy Tyler

  • Age 23
  • Arrested for conspiracy to possess LSD with intent to distribute
  • (had already been arrested twice before -- both times for possession of LSD)
  • Received 2 life sentences due to mandatory minimum laws (deterrence)

Furman v. Georgia

  • “William Henry Furman was discovered burglarizing a home. When attempting to escape, his weapon went off and killed a resident in the house”
  • Sentenced to death on the charge of murder

Grutter v. Bollinger

  • “Barbara Grutter, a white resident of Michigan, applied for admission to the University of Michigan Law School. Grutter applied with a 3.8 undergraduate GPA and an LSAT score of 161”
  • Denied admission
  • School admits race is a factor because it serves a “compelling interest in achieving diversity among its student body"
  • Supreme Court upholds the law schools ability to use race as a parameter for acceptance

Why do we still read The Crucible?

Learn from the past

Court system- the way it is run

Leadership in the Justice System- Danforth's example

Historical content- one of the few books that is based on historical events

Know who you put your trust in.

17th Century Mean Girls