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What you need to know

The plantiff is a person or party filing a lawsuit. A defendant is an individual or group being sued or charged with a crime. Complaints are a formal notice that a lawsuit is being brought. Summons are a notice directing someone to appear in court to answer a complaint or a charge. A pleading can be the complaint and the answer combined in a civil case. Another aspect of a trial is a pretrial conference which is A meeting of the parties to an action and their attorneys held before the court prior to the commencement of actual courtroom proceedings. Mediation is a situation in which a third party helps the plaintiff and defendant reach an agreement. Arbitration ia another situation in which a third party listens to the plaintiff and defendant, reviews that case and makes a final decision that is binding for both parties. Trial's are a formal examination of evidence before a judge, and typically before a jury, in order to decide guilt in a case of criminal or civil proceedings. The greater weight of the evidence required in a civil lawsuit for the trier of fact to decide in favor of one side or the other is the preponderance of evidence. Decisions in a case made by a judge or jury is a verdict. And finally an appeal is to apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.

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