Cell Structure

Organelles

Cell Membrane

Allows certain molecules to pass through the cell. Made by lipids(fats). Only found in animal cells.

Cell Wall

Lines a plant cell and protects the it.

Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm is the fluid that fills the cells where there is empty space.

Nucleus

The nucleus stores the DNA of the cell.

Nuclear Membrane

Outer part of the nucleus that protects the nucleus.

Centrioles

Thin rod in a cluster that helps the cell divide during mitosis and meiosis.

Chromatin

Uncoiled and loose strands and is a protein associated with DNA.

Ribosomes

Carry RNA from the nucleus and are small balls in the rough E.R.

Golgi Body/Complex/Apparatus

Sorts, tags, and modifies molecules.

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Stores enzymes and performs chemical reactions.

Mitochondria

Generates the cells energy.

Chloroplast

Converts carbon dioxide into sugar and water.

Lysosomes

Degrades protein and holds enzymes.

Peroxisomes

Breaks down toxic materials in cell.

Vacuole

Stores nutrients and water, helps cell grow, and breaks down waste.

Cytoskeleton

Gives cell shape.

Nucleolus

Produces ribosomes.