The Trail of Tears

By: Anthony Alivo

The Indian Removal Act of 1830

In 1830, Andrew Jackson passed a controversial law that declared that any Indian's east of the Mississippi river to move west. This was a large effect on 5 Indian tribes. In Georgia, the Cherokee had choose to fight but not with weapons but in a court of law. The case went to the United States Court. And Chief Justice John Marshall choose a historic decision which he favored the Cherokee and saying they did not have to move. But Jackson thought differently he said that Marshall made his statement let him enforce it.

Trail of Tears

The Americans went and held many Indian's at gun point and made the move west. Their property was seized and about 1 of every 4 Cherokee died on route. They had moved the Indians west during the winter season to Arkansas and Oklahoma, the land that was Arkansas and Oklahoma was Indian territory. Many diseases were caught on the trip such as Whooping cough, typhus, dysentery, and cholera. Some Indians starved to death and an estimated 5,000 had past on the journey. Many white settlers went and looted their homeland and took over the land that was the Indian's. By 1840, the Indian territory would remain their's but it kept shrinking until Oklahoma became a state in 1907.