Major Battles

American Civil War 1861-1865

Fort Sumter, April 12-14 1861

This was the first battle of the Civil War. The Confederates led by General P.G.T Beauregard opened fire and began the bombardment of the Union garrison at Fort Sumter. The bombardment lasted for 34 hours and there were no casualties on either side. Earlier on Robert E. Lee asked for the surrender of the fort because it was in South Carolina which was part of the Confederacy, but Lincoln refused so Lee told Beauregard to open fire.

Battle Of Antietam September 17, 1862

This was the first battle fought on Northern soil. More soldiers died this day than any other battle fought. 12,400 Union were killed, captured or wounded. 10,320 Confederates were killed, wounded, or captured. This battle was important for the North because it slowed the advance of the Confederacy into the North.

Battle Of Gettysburg July 1-3, 1863

Gettysburg was a very bloody day. 22,815 Union went missing, were killed, or wounded. The Confederates lost 22,700 men. This battle was another huge victory for the North because it stopped the second invasion of the North.