Geological Oceanography

Jasmine Flowers, Kylie Pray, Marcos Cantoran, Victor Sanchez

Job Description, Working Conditons

Geological oceanographers, or marine geologists, study:

-The floors and margins of the oceans

-Descriptions of topography

-Composition of bottom materials

-Interaction of sediments and rocks with air and sea water

-Effects of movement in the mantle on the sea floor

-Action of wave energy in the submarine crust of the earth

-Map features of the ocean floor

Working conditions for marine geologists include:

-40-70 hours per week

-Labs or offices

-Explore ocean

-Work in cramped spaces

-Physically demanding (Ex. Small space, climbing & crawling, lift heavy objects, stand for long periods of time, work with little light, ect.)

-Potential allergens and irritants (Ex. Fuels, cleaners, dust, fumes, smokes, gases, ect.)

-Bad weather

-Hazardous/dangerous conditions (Ex. Slippery surfaces, ladders, working aloft, ect.)

-Extreme temperatures

-Loud noises

-Irregular schedule

Big image

Topography Map


Geological oceanographers use:

-SONAR: Used to see how deep the sea floor is.

-Fathometer: Measures depth; used to profile ocean floor when net is dragged to prevent getting caught.

-Bucket Thermometer: Measures temperature; used to get surface area temperature when unable to reach water.

-Gravity Piston Corer: Long, heavy tube allows samples up to 90 feet in length.

Big image


Education, Salary, & Opportunities To Advance

Education requirements include:

-Undegraduate degree

-Bachelor of science

-Masters degree

-Ph.D. In geology

Salary ranges from $60,000-$100,000 annually

To advance you can work:

-For the government

-A private company

-As a college professor

-In a research facility

Big image

Geoscientist Workplace Graph

Big image

Average Salary Graph

Pros & Cons


-Travel: There is a lot of traveling. Some might have to stay to study an area for long periods of time or go to hundreds of places and compare them.

-Industry Variation:

-Food & Fisheries Production

-Mining & Production of Petroleum

-Sea Ice Studies & Ice Forecasting


-Environmental Studies



-Education: You must have at least a Masters degree, but a Doctorate is preferred. It requires math, science, and chemistry. It is about 12 years worth of college education.

-Schedule: You aren't in control of your schedule. The research must be done when conditions are right. Even if it's not convenient for you. There are also deadlines imposed.

Big image

Oceanography Research Vessel

Why Do We Need Marine Geology?

-Weather (Tsunamis)

-See what Earth was like millions of years ago.

-Help us understand the processes that created the ocean basins and the interactions between the ocean and the sea floor.

Big image

Marine geologists studying the ocean floor.

Big image