Geological Oceanography

Jasmine Flowers, Kylie Pray, Marcos Cantoran, Victor Sanchez

Job Description, Working Conditons

Geological oceanographers, or marine geologists, study:

-The floors and margins of the oceans

-Descriptions of topography

-Composition of bottom materials

-Interaction of sediments and rocks with air and sea water

-Effects of movement in the mantle on the sea floor

-Action of wave energy in the submarine crust of the earth

-Map features of the ocean floor


Working conditions for marine geologists include:

-40-70 hours per week

-Labs or offices

-Explore ocean

-Work in cramped spaces

-Physically demanding (Ex. Small space, climbing & crawling, lift heavy objects, stand for long periods of time, work with little light, ect.)

-Potential allergens and irritants (Ex. Fuels, cleaners, dust, fumes, smokes, gases, ect.)

-Bad weather

-Hazardous/dangerous conditions (Ex. Slippery surfaces, ladders, working aloft, ect.)

-Extreme temperatures

-Loud noises

-Irregular schedule

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Topography Map

Equipment

Geological oceanographers use:

-SONAR: Used to see how deep the sea floor is.

-Fathometer: Measures depth; used to profile ocean floor when net is dragged to prevent getting caught.

-Bucket Thermometer: Measures temperature; used to get surface area temperature when unable to reach water.

-Gravity Piston Corer: Long, heavy tube allows samples up to 90 feet in length.

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Fathometer

Education, Salary, & Opportunities To Advance

Education requirements include:

-Undegraduate degree

-Bachelor of science

-Masters degree

-Ph.D. In geology


Salary ranges from $60,000-$100,000 annually


To advance you can work:

-For the government

-A private company

-As a college professor

-In a research facility

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Geoscientist Workplace Graph

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Average Salary Graph

Pros & Cons

Pros:

-Travel: There is a lot of traveling. Some might have to stay to study an area for long periods of time or go to hundreds of places and compare them.

-Industry Variation:

-Food & Fisheries Production

-Mining & Production of Petroleum

-Sea Ice Studies & Ice Forecasting

-Transportation

-Environmental Studies

-Ecology


Cons:

-Education: You must have at least a Masters degree, but a Doctorate is preferred. It requires math, science, and chemistry. It is about 12 years worth of college education.

-Schedule: You aren't in control of your schedule. The research must be done when conditions are right. Even if it's not convenient for you. There are also deadlines imposed.

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Oceanography Research Vessel

Why Do We Need Marine Geology?

-Weather (Tsunamis)

-See what Earth was like millions of years ago.

-Help us understand the processes that created the ocean basins and the interactions between the ocean and the sea floor.

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Marine geologists studying the ocean floor.

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