The Cardiovascular System

By: Alecia Pichette

Overall Characteristics

  • 4 to 6 liters of blood
  • The blood amount varies on age, sex, nutritional status
  • 7% to 9% of total body weight
  • Made up of Plasma(55%) and formed elements(45%)

Making blood and finding blood

  • Blood is produced in the bone marrow
  • This is primary made in flat bones, as in your skull
  • Myeloid and Lymphatic tissues make blood cells for the body

Red blood cells

  • Oxygen to body tissues in exchange for carbon dioxide
  • red blood cells make up 45% of your blood
  • transplant organs
  • Looks like a 3D circle
-Erythrocyte- red blood cells

-Hemoglobin- iron containing protein in red blood cells

-Oxyhemoglobin- homoglobin combined with oxygen

-Carbaminohemoglobin- the compound formed by the union of carbon dioxide with homoglobin

White blood cells

  • white blood cells make up less than 1% of your blood
  • protect body from bacteria

-Leukocytes- white blood cells

-Neutrophils- white blood cell that stains readily with neutral dyes

-Eosinophils- white blood cell that is readily stained by eosin

-basophils- white blood cell that stains readily with basic dyes

-Lymphocytes- type of white blood cell (B cell and T cell)

-Monocytes- a phagocyte

-Macrophage- phagocyte cells in the immune system

Platelets

  • Make up less than 1% of your bodies blood
  • forms clots (scabs)
  • does not like lots of blood lose so when this happeneds they kick into action
  • calcium and vitamin K is a big help to stop the blood

-Thrombocytes- another word for platelets, plays a role in blood clotting

-Prothrombin Activator- a protein formed by clotting factors from damaged tissus cells and platelets,converts prothrombin into thrombin, a step essentain to forming a blood clot
-Thrombin-protein important in blood clotting

-Fibrinogen- soluble blood protein that is converted to insoluble fibrin during clotting

-Fibrin- insoluble protein in clotting blood

-Coagulation-

-Thrombus- stationary blood clot

-Thrombosis- formation of a clot in a blood vessel

-Embolus- a blood clot or other substance that is moving in the blood and may block a blood vessel

-Embolism- obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign matter carried in the bloodstream

Plasma

  • Makes up 55% of your bodies blood
  • pain yellow liquid
  • 90% water
  • contains dissovled salts and minerals like calcium, sodium,magnesium, and potassium

-Plasma Protein- any of several proteins normally found in the plasma

-Serum- blood plasma minus its clotting factors, still contains antibodies

-Albumins- one of several types of proteins normally found in blood plasma, helps thicken the blood

-Globulins- a type of plasma protein that includes antibodies

-Fibrinogen- soluble blood protein that is converted to insoluble fibrin during clotting

-Prothrombin- a protein presents in normal blood that is required for blood clotting