Health Science Careers

5th Period PSA

Acupuncturist (Therapeutic Services)

What they Do:
  • Acupuncture generally involves a series of diagnosis and treatment. Diagnosis varies from two handed-three fingered-pulse checking to tongue depressants to complexion analysis. Then, needles varying in size are strategically placed in different parts of the body in order to redirect chi or energy flow so that there won’t be any negative chi wandering around in the wrong areas.
  • These people need to have extensive knowledge regarding the different ancient Chinese ways, so after certification, it is important that keep in practice with what they do.

Working Conditions:
  • Working conditions are fairly relaxed, but because of this, work hours need to be compensated. The average acupuncturist will work anywhere from 45 to 65 hours with hours extending into the weekend.
  • Work atmosphere is not very stressful but does require patience with those who possess a little healthy cynicism.

Skills Needed:
  • An acupuncturist requires patience and self-motivation to have a good business sense and set his or her own hours and goals.
  • Precision and finger agility is needed in order to properly place needles or even diagnose patients.

  • The best preparing education is that of traditional Chinese schools. Around 1,350 hours of training (3-4 years) are required to fulfill certification needs. A bachelor’s degree in acupuncture and even a master’s degree efforts can prove useful, although a master’s is not required.

Money and Outlook:
  • Average median salary: $19,020
  • The outlook for this job is increasing.
  • Statistics from 2004 state that there were around 72,000 people in the field of acupuncture.
  • The 2004 to 2014 growth rate is around 22.2%.

  • Interviewee: Elaine Komarow
  • Occupation: Acupuncturist
  • State: Virginia
  • Training: In the process of training
  • Example situation: "I had a client come to me who had horrible migraines that were no longer responding to medication." After 6 treatments, the pain was gone completely.
  • Example patient preparation: "I'll tell them what I'm going to do that day, insert the needles and then take their pulse again."
  • Motivation: "My main reason for trying acupuncture was curiosity."
  • Komarow was not physically or electronically interviewed.
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How to Become an Acupuncturist : How to Become an Acupuncturist

Neurosurgeon (Therapeutic Services)

What they do:
  • Performs surgery on the nervous system, operating on the spinal cord and brain.
  • Performs procedures such as the clipping of cerebral aneurysms.
  • Removes brain tumors and manages spinal conditions.

Working conditions:

  • Long hours (10-14 hours).
  • No fixed schedule and may be called in at notice.
  • Can work under an administrator of a hospital or from their own practice.

Skills needed:
  • Steady hands.
  • Diligence.
  • Be able to identify certain diseases of the brain and nervous system.
  • Be able to work under pressure and be able to correct a mistake quickly.
  • Accept the fact that someone may die.

  • This profession requires extensive knowledge of the brain and nervous system; therefore to be a neurosurgeon one must go through a lot of education.
  • Bachelor's degree is required.
  • Medical school to the point of residency and surgeon status.
  • Internship for 1-2 years under neurology.
  • Takes courses throughout the span of their career.

Salary and outlook:
  • They earn a range of $170-780,000 (not including annual bonuses).
  • Those of this profession would be performing surgery as well as treating those with brain or nerve injuries/diseases.
  • One must have at least a bachelor's degree, must attend medical school and acquire the surgeon status and then specialize in neurology.
  • An internship is required to reach this status.
  • They earn a range of $170,000-780,000 (not including bonuses).
  • Those that work in this field acquire free healthcare, sponsored by the medical healthcare association.
  • They have a high depression rate.
  • Has the choice to work at a hospital or start their own practice.
  • Is sponsored by "doctors without borders".
  • Bonuses for neurosurgeons can total up to $300,000.
  • Many are often linked to medical stocks as well as investments, etc.
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A neurosurgeon talks about his job

Nurse Anesthetist (Therapeutic Services)

What they do:
  • Responsible for the administration of a patient's anesthetics.

Working conditions:

  • 40 to 120 working hours.
  • Full time job.

Working skills:
  • Be able to work in an ER or an ICU.
  • Have to know biology and psychology.

  • 3 years of college.
  • Masters degree required.
  • University/college required.

Money and Outlook:
  • Makes up to $150,000 per year.
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Become a Nurse Anesthetist: What is a CRNA?

Dentist (Diagnostic Services)

What a Dentist Does:
  • Cleaning, Restoring, or Extracting Teeth.
  • Filling Cavities.
  • Attaching Crowns.
  • Straightening Crooked Teeth.
  • Diagnoses, treats, and prevents diseases or disorders of the teeth and gums.
  • Replace Missing Teeth.
  • Fix Broken Teeth.

Working Conditions
  • Work 8 hours a day, 6 days a week.
  • May have come in to work when the practice is closed if there is an patient emergency.
  • Work in a dentistry and private practice.
  • Need patience and concentrate on working on the patient.
  • Dentistry is hard on your eyes, back, and hands.
  • May require overtime work when there are patients after office hours.

Skills Needed:
  • Need to work with exact measurements when working on teeth.
  • Diagnoses to problem.
  • Have a good interaction with the patients.
  • Have to work with small, sharp instruments such as, needles, blades, and tools.
  • Properly treat the problem with the right tools and steps.

  • 2 years of pre-dental studies.
  • 4 years at a dental school or college.
  • Need a degree in a science-related undergraduate program.
  • Bachelor’s Degree required.
  • Attend a dental school or college to complete a dental degree program.

Salary and Outlook:
  • Annual Pay can be between $120,000 t0 $250,000.
  • There are many dental practices that are opening every day.
  • Salary can be based upon how much experience the dentist has.
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Dentist Job Description

Interview with Dr. Bhardwaj

Electrocardiographic Technician (Diagnostic Services)

What it is / what they do:

  • EKG technicians operate equipments that don’t penetrate the patient’s body, body tissues, healthy cells, or blood vessels.
  • The equipment prints graphic tracings of electrical impulses by the heart.
  • The tracings help the cardiologist (specialist in heart problems) to aid in the diagnosis of the disease, monitor the effect of drug therapy, and analyze changes to the condition of the patient’s heart over a period of time.

Education / training:
  • Should have a high school diploma or GED (general equivalency degree or diploma.)
  • EKG technicians prepare for clinical training and practice.
  • They also prepare for the National Healthcare career association (NHA) exams and other national certifying exams.
  • To complete the course students should participate in all 7 sessions
  • End of course should average a 70% or higher
  • Should have a passing grade on practical and cognitive exams.
  • 2 year training schedule.
  • Kinds of classes: Anatomy, Psychology, and Medical Terminology

Performing their job:
  • The EKG technician performs ekg’s ( cardiographs) using the Holter Monitor which charts the electric impulses sent by the heart through the body.
  • Electrodes ( wires in which electricity enters or leaves an object) from the monitor should be attached to the patient’s chest, arms, and legs
  • Reading the monitor’s results take a 24 hour period, it’s then printed on paper, and taken to the patient’s physician ( doctor of medicine.)
  • EKG technicians help patients perform treadmill and stress tests.
  • For treadmill tests, they test the patient’s resting heart rate ( diastole) and then they increase the walking speed of the treadmill to record the higher beating rate of the heart and blood pressure.
  • Stress tests used to measure the heart’s ability to respond external stress. They are done with heart stimulation by exercise on a treadmill or on a bicycle. The physician examines the symptoms and blood pressure response.

Training schools / colleges:
  • Carrington College
  • University of Phoenix
  • Kaplan college - includes phlebotomy ( process of making an incision in the vein practice in collecting venous blood.) , EKG
  • Sanford Brown - includes Cardiovascular sonography and technology.
  • Remington college- assisting with X-ray Tech. and EKG.

  • They are skilled in performing CPR and taking patients vital signs.
  • Technology / mechanical skills : They are able to conduct electrocardiography and tests, also to operate complicated electronic machines used to perform cardiac tests.
  • They need to Communicate effectively with patients especially the nervous and stressed ones, also to communicate with co-workers.
  • They need to learn new material by taking continuing education courses and to get used to the changes in policies, procedures, and equipment.

  • The salary depends on where you’re employed.
  • $10.86 - $15.49 / hour
  • $23,838 - $34,708 / year

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How to Become an EKG Technician - Health Care Jobs in Demand

Healthcare Administrator (Health Informatics)

What do they do:

  • Plans and coordinates department activities in staffing.
  • Purchases health care instruments.
  • Works on public relations.
  • Raises money through fundraising.
  • Accounts for money.
  • Evaluates program.

Working Conditions:

  • Long hours.
  • Traveling is needed and meetings may be needed to attend.
  • Can be called at any time for help.

Skills Needed:

  • Good leadership skills.
  • Good managerial skills.
  • High level in organization, written and oral communications, and being attentive to detail.


  • 4-6 years in school.
  • Leadership courses are highly recommended.
  • Bachelor's degree is required.
  • Master's degree is required for a higher position.

Money and Outlook:

  • $40,000-110,000
  • Jobs outlook is growing annually.
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How to Become a Healthcare Administrator - Top Health Care Careers

Biomedical/Clinical Engineer (Support Services)

What they do:

  • Designs technology to assist people with disabilities.
  • Designs medical diagnostic instrumentation.
  • Conducts research of the engineering aspects.
  • Advises and assists the application of engineering instruments.
  • Develops new applications of energy sources.
  • Installs and provides technical support of biomedical equipment.
  • Keeps documentation of biomedical engineering instrument histories.
  • Analyzes new medical procedures.
  • Evaluates the safeness, efficiency, and effectiveness of each biomedical engineering equipment.
  • Conducts training for future clinicians.

Working conditions:

  • Carrying objects up to 10 pounds.
  • Staying inside the building.
  • Wearing protective and safety equipment during labs.
  • Being exposed to pollutants.
  • Sitting for 1/3 of the time.
  • Exposed to high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, and chemicals.
  • Exposed to diseases and infections.
  • Regular hours but limited travel.

Skills Needed:

  • Good eyesight (being able to differentiate between different colors).
  • Being able to communicate with other people.
  • Good hearing (being able to differentiate between different sound pitches).
  • High skills in analyzing science data, creating designs for products, evaluating quality of products, explaining science concepts, investigating data, operating computers, preparing research reports, and researching science concepts.
  • Investigative and realistic approaches.


  • Bioengineering and biomedical engineering courses are highly recommended.
  • Bachelor's degree is required.
  • College graduates in natural science or mathematics required in most areas.
  • Graduate training required for engineering faculty positions.
  • Engineer license (PE) is often required.

Money and Outlook:

  • Average annual wage is about $88,000.
  • Growth is estimated to be about 77% annually.
  • 65 estimated jobs are to open annually.
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Become a Biomedical Engineer

Forensic Science Technician (Biotechnology Research and Development)

What they do:
  • Collects evidence from crime scenes and stores the evidence to preserve it.
  • Keeps records and prepares reports.
  • Uses chemicals and other substances for latest evidence and compares it with other people.
  • Testifies in court of the evidence and findings.
  • Takes photographs of the evidence.
  • Visits morgues to examine crime scenes and tries to obtain more information about the crime.
  • Collects impressions of dusts for any fingerprints.
  • Reconstructs crime scenes in order to determine any connections and relationships.
  • Operates laboratory equipment when necessary.
  • Trains future technicians.

Working Conditions:
  • Handling objects up to 10 pounds.
  • Most often inside of the building.
  • Exposed to pollutants, gases, dust, fumes, odors, and poor ventilation.
  • Safety and protective equipment should be worn at all times.
  • Sitting for more than ⅓ of the time.
  • Exposed to high voltage electricity, combustibles, and explosives at least once a month.
  • Exposed to diseases and infections at least once a month.
  • Irregular hours.
  • Overtime work.
  • Weekend work.

Skills needed:
  • Good eyesight (being able to differentiate between different colors).
  • Being able to communicate with other people.
  • Investigative, realistic, and conventional approaches.
  • High levels in speaking, science, reading comprehension, active listening, writing, ciritical thinking, and active learning.
  • High levels of analyzing data, inspecting materials, investigating critical problems, operating technology, operating lab equipment, and processing data digitally.
  • Medium levels of compiling information, giving information on events, and working as a cooperative team.

  • Forensic Science and Technology course is highly recommended.
  • Bachelor’s degree required.
  • Most employers prefer 2 years of specialized post-secondary training or associate degree in applied science or science-related technology.

Money and Outlook:
  • Average annual wage is $46,270 or about $22.25 per hour.
  • Growth is estimated to open 28%.
  • 90 estimated jobs are opened annually.
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Become a Forensic Science Technician

By: Dheera Dammanna, Caden Fernando, Amisha Bhardwaj, Jenna Song, Jihan Khalif, Melanie Talmadge, Vaishnavi Ramachar, and Marykate Korang (Table 3)