Biomass

by: Sydney Brown

What is it and How it works?

Biomass energy is organic matter that can be burned or decomposed to be used as a source of energy. Biomass comes in many forms. These include burning wood, converting waste into energy, collecting methane for biogas & biofuels. Biomass accounts for most of our renewable energy consumption in the U.S. The most common is through wood burning and biofuels such as biodiesel. Biomass energy is renewable because we have a boundless capacity to grow plants, and we will always produce biomass waste with those plants.

Starting with the process of photosynthesis, chlorophyll in plants capture the sun's energy by converting carbon dioxide from the air and water from the ground in to carbohydrates. When these carbohydrates are burned, they turn back into carbon dioxide and water and release the sun's energy they contain. In this sense, biomass serves as a "natural battery" for storing solar energy. As long as biomass is produced sustainably, it will last infinitely.

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Facts

-Biomass is all plant and animal matter on the Earth's surface.

-Biomass is anything that is alive and anything that was alive a short time ago.

-Biomass gets energy from the sun.

-Biomass energy is renewable, which means we can make more biomass in a short time. We can always grow more plants.

-Biomass can be used to make electricity. Very common in a lot of towns.

-Biomass can be used to make an energy-rich gas called biogas. Biogas is like the natural gas we used in our stoves and furnaces.

-Biomass is considered to be one of the key renewable resources of the future both at small and large scale levels.

-It supplies 14% of the words primary energy consumption.

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