COLOMBIA

Jacob Floyd

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Introduction to Colombia!

Colombia is a country situated in South America and it's captitol is Bogotá. Colombian art has over 3,000 years of history. Colombian artists have captured the country's changing political and cultural backdrop using a range of styles and mediums. There is archeological evidence of ceramics being produced earlier in Colombia than anywhere else in the Americas, dating as early as 3,000 BCE. Shakira and Juanes are two of the most well-known Colombian musicians internationally. Some of the Colombian cuisine is rice, potatoes, cassava, beef, chicken, goat, etc.......

Gold Museum Bogotá (el museo)

  • The museum displays a selection of Pre Hispanic gold work the biggest collection in the world.
  • The museum houses the famous Musica's golden raft found in Pasca in 1969, that represents the El Dorodo ceremony.

Tayrona National Natural Park (el parque nacional)

  • It was the second most visited national park in Colombia in 2012.
  • includes about 108 species of mammals and 300 species of birds.
  • There are also approximately 31 species of reptiles, 15 species of amphibians, 202 species of sponges.

San Andrés (la playa)

  • San Andrés is an island
  • Some of the tourist attractions: North End, is known locally as the center of San Andres, which concentrates the hotel zone, commercial, banking and government. Isleña House Museum (Casa Museo isleña), which was created by the natives in order to acquaint visitors with the culture and customs of the inhabitants. La Loma, a town inhabited almost entirely by natives of the island and one of the best places to appreciate the traditional island architecture

Las Lajas Church (la iglesia)

  • In 1754 an Amerindian woman called María Mueses was walking through the valley of the Guáitara river with her deaf-mute daughter Rosa. They became caught in a sudden torrential downpour and sought shelter between two slabs of lajas, the large shale rocks found in the area.

    As lightning illuminated the canyon the daughter exclaimed The mestiza is calling me! and pointed to one of the slabs of shale where a silhouette of the virgin Mary could be seen. The site's fame grew and there are many accounts of healings in the valley which became a popular destination for pilgrims.

  • Made in 1949

  • Roman Catholic

Estadio Deportivo Cali (el estadio)

  • Is a football (soccer) stadium
  • 55,000 capacity
  • The construction of the Deportivo Cali Stadium was halted and geographically shifted (250 metres) after remains belonging to a Pre-Columbian ancient indigenous cultures were found in the area of building.

National Library of Colombia (la biblioteca)

  • The National Library of Colombia is generally considered to be the oldest national library in the Americas.
  • The original collection of the library consisted of books expropriated from the Jesuit community, which had been expelled from all the dominions of the Spanish Empire, as a result of the 1767 order of King Charles III of Spain.

Lake Saint Martha (el lago)

  • Largest swampy marshes in Colombia
  • Has an area of 4250 km2

Nevado del Ruiz (las montanas)

  • On November 13, 1985, a small eruption produced an enormous lahar that buried and destroyed the town of Armero in Tolima, causing an estimated 25,000 deaths.
  • the deadliest lahar in recorded history.

San Agustin Archaeological Park (el parque)

  • The site contains the largest collection of religious monuments and megalithic sculptures in Latin America and is considered the world's largest necropolis.
  • and is considered the world's largest necropolis.

National Coffee Park (el parquet de diversiones)

  • In 2009 the park received its 5 millionth visitor.
  • It consists of two main areas: by the main entrance are the buildings housing the museum and exhibitions detailing the history, culture and process of growing and producing coffee.

Cali zoo (el zoologico

  • The Zoo belongs to a foundation that carries its name and whose mission, since it took the zoo's administration in 1981, has been to improve the animals' diet, their natural environment, and the medical care of the existing fauna.
  • The zoo has five sections for different kinds of species: primates, butterflies, ocean and river fish, amphibians and reptiles, and birds.

Bolivar square (la plaza)

  • The heart of the historical area of Bogota.
  • The palace's rather modern construction hides a rather turbulent history - the first building was built in 1921 but was destroyed by a fire during the Bogotazo in April 1948.

Bogota Colombia Temple (el templo)

  • Made in 1999
  • 53,500 square feet
  • Their are marble finishes, stained glass windows, Incan designs, and is landscaped with plants that are native to Colombia.

Centro Commercial Santafé (el centro commercial)

  • It is the fourth largest shopping mall in Colombia
  • Opened in 2006
  • 250,000 square meters long

Cinema of Colombia (el cine)

  • Colombian cinema began in 1897 and has included silent films, animated films and internationally acclaimed movies
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